She-Ra Princess of Power

Born on planet Eternia to Queen Marlena and King Randor, Princess Adora is kidnapped at birth by Hordak and taken to Etheria. There she serves as a Horde Force Captain, (see) The Secret of the Sword a member of the Evil Horde that rules the planet Etheria.

The Sorceress sends Adam and Cringer to the planet Etheria to give the sword of power the Sorceress gave him to Adora. The Sorceress reveals to Adora that she was kidnapped by The Horde when she was a baby and that she had a twin brother. By repeating “For the honor of Grayskull” she is transformed into She-Ra.

After a battle with the rebellion, He-Man and She-Ra return to Eternia and are reunited with thier parents, Hordak returns to Eternia to try and get her back and we learn that Hordak was in fact Skeletor’s mentor. Skeletor is He-Man’s arch foe. She decides she must return to Etheria so that she can help free the planet from the Horde oppression.[10]

Adora, having been trained by the Horde her entire life, assumes leadership of the Great Rebellion. The epic battle to free Etheria from the grip of the Evil Horde rages on, spreading across the corners of the planet. Through this war, She-Ra calls upon her allies across the globe, using their special talents to battle against Horde creations. Whether or not She-Ra and her forces were ever successful in defeating the Horde was never revealed.

When Adora transforms to She-Ra, two castles are shown in the background. The first is Castle Grayskull. The second is the Crystal Castle. The Crystal Castle is located at the top of Skydancer Mountain and is overseen by an entity called Light Hope, who advises She-Ra in times of crisis. In the Princess of Power toyline, the castle is also protected by two winged crystal horses, Moonbeam and Sun Dancer. It should be noted that the Crystal Castle’s location is known only to Ahgo (King of the Trolls), She-Ra, and He-Man (she brought him there one time); She-Ra has sworn to secrecy its location, thus earning the title of “Defender of the Crystal Castle.”

She-Ra: Princess of Power is an American animated television series produced in 1985 by Filmation. A spin-off of Filmation’s He-Man and the Masters of the Universe series, She-Ra was aimed primarily at a young female audience to counterbalance He-Man’s popularity with young males. Unlike the He-Man cartoon, which was based on the Masters of the Universe toy line by Mattel, the creation of She-Ra was a collaboration between Filmation and Mattel. The initial group of characters and premise were created by Filmation, while the characters introduced later were designed by Mattel. Mattel provided financial backing for the show, as well as an accompanying toyline. The series premiered in 1985 and was cancelled in 1986, after 2 seasons and 93 episodes.

She-Ra is known for her incredible strength. Many times she has been shown to be able to lift not only full-grown men and robots, but also mountain-like rocks and buildings. She is also depicted as being extremely fast and acrobatic. Her speed allows her to easily deflect multiple incoming energy blasts with her sword. She-Ra also demonstrated a series of other abilities which appear to be more nurturing in nature such as empathic understanding, mental communication with animals and healing. Whether there is a limit to the length of time she can remain in her heroic form before she reverts to her original form of Adora is unknown, however there have been occasions in which she has been forcibly transformed back into Adora, implying that her powers do have limits to them.

She-Ra’s primary weapon is her Sword of Protection. Her sword is apparently almost indestructible and able to deflect bolts of energy, both magical and technological, as well as to project beams of energy from the stone in its center. The stone is also used to turn Spirit into Swift Wind, as the power beam needed to perform the transformation comes from it (as opposed to the Sword of Power, where the energy beam that is used to transform Cringer into Battle Cat is shot from the tip of the sword and requires He-Man to point it directly at Cringer in order for it to work).

However, in one episode, the stone in She-Ra’s sword becomes damaged, causing her to be unable to transform into She-Ra. The sword also had transmutation abilities – upon command, it would instantly change shape into whatever She-Ra required at the time; examples include: a shield, parachute, helmet, rope with grappling hook, and a boomerang.

She-Ra is largely non-violent and usually only resorts to combat as a last resort. She uses cunning and her wits, often preferring to outsmart her adversaries; her most violent actions typically consist of body throws. As per broadcast standards of the period, in the Filmation cartoon, He-Man & She-Ra were not allowed to use their swords as offensive weapons, nor were they allowed to directly punch or kick anyone. She-Ra was only allowed to destroy robotic enemies, which were her primary foes.

Image result for she ra princess of power images

In December 2012, She-Ra appeared in her own DC Comics series as a lead in to her introduction into the “He-Man and the Masters of the Universe” comic series.[12] Adora’s introduction is an updated retelling of her classic origin story.[13] Although she was still kidnapped as a baby and raised by the Horde, Adora’s personality and life are made much more violent and tragic when compared to her animated counterpart.

Rather than being a kind woman who has been under the mind-control of Shadow Weaver, Despara (Adora’s Horde name) is a brutal force captain who is fully aware of the Horde’s cruel and evil nature, and although she has some reservations, serves them willingly. Rather than having already taken over the planet of Etheria, instead Despara leads the Horde in taking over Eternia, and driving He-Man, King Randor and the Masters into hiding so as to rebel against the Horde. Due to a connection between her and Teela, Adora begins to break free of the Horde’s will, and has begun her journey into becoming She-Ra.

 So why is she here? Well She-Ra kicks ass although she also has a nurturing side to her nature. Her relationship with Glimmer and Teela is interesting Teela is the daughter of Man at Arms and Prince Adam’s companion, whereas Glimmer is the Princess of Bright Moon and was leader of the rebellion before the arrival of She-Ra in whose favour she stepped down.

Surprisingly She-Ra is also seen as a gay icon. Obviously its a children’s toon from 1985 so if you are writing a fanfiction you have the option of Light Hope and Bow or if you were going to have a same-sex pairing I assume it would be between Glimmer and She-Ra or Sorceress or even Queen Angelia depending on what floats your boat.

Super Heroines

Nyssa al Ghul – Heir to the Demaon

Nyssa Al Ghul Heroine or Villain?





She is the daughter of Ra’s al Ghul and the half-sister of Talia al Ghul.

In Batman: Death and the Maidens, it is revealed that Ra’s al Ghul had a love child born during his travels in Russia in the 19th century named Nyssa. Enamored by the romantic stories that her mother told her about Ra’s as a child, Nyssa sets out to find Ra’s and eventually locates him at his headquarters in North Africa.

Impressed by her beauty, her warrior skills, and the fact that she was able to locate him, she is promoted to a position similar to that later held by her half-sister, Talia. As a right hand associate, she accompanies him during his adventures. Ra’s is so impressed with her abilities, he even allows Nyssa to use his Lazarus Pits. Like her sister Talia, Nyssa eventually becomes disenchanted with Ra’s genocidal plans to “cleanse the Earth,” and disassociates herself from her father sometime in the early 19th century. Ra’s reluctantly approves this, believing that she will return to him and that she or her children will become his future heirs. To his disappointment, Nyssa refuses to give herself or her family to him, causing him to disown her permanently. He does however allow her to keep a Lazarus Pit for herself and, much to his surprise, she finds a way to reuse it, allowing her to survive until modern times.

During World War II, Nyssa and her family are sent to a concentration camp, where Nyssa’s entire family dies and she is rendered infertile by gruesome Mengele-style experiments. At one point she begs Ra’s for help, but he refuses her, stating that, while he does not agree with Hitler‘s ideas, his cause could only be aided by the millions who will be exterminated by Hitler’s scheme.

Death and the Maidens

Broken by her horrifying experiences during this time, and enraged that Ra’s has abandoned her and her family to die at the hands of the Nazis, Nyssa is finally motivated to act when her great-grandson – her last living descendent – is killed. She plots to kill Ra’s by befriending, kidnapping, and brainwashing Talia and using her to kill Ra’s. To this end, she captures Talia and, using a Lazarus Pit, kills and resurrects her in rapid succession, leaving Talia virtually broken from the trauma of dying again and again in so short a time. Rendered apathetic by her time in the camp, unable to feel anything, Nyssa then attempts to destroy all hope and optimism in the world by assassinating Superman with Kryptonite bullets she steals from the Batcave, hoping that, by uniting the world in one moment of tragedy, she will manage to rouse herself once more.

While Batman is successful in preventing the assassination of Superman, he is unable to stop Ra’s from being killed by Nyssa.[1] This in turn is part of a greater plan by Ra’s to ensure that his daughters, both initially dissatisfied with his plans, will realize that he is right, and that they would come to accept their destinies as his heirs. Realizing and accepting this, both Nyssa and Talia become the heads of the League of Assassins. Talia disavows her love for Bruce Wayne, and both sisters declare Batman to be their enemy, Nyssa promising that she will not fail her father as Batman departs.

Lazarus Pit

Nyssa is in possession of one of the world’s last Lazarus Pits, which has granted her longevity and the ability to heal her wounds; she survives The Holocaust thanks to its powers. She also found the ability to use the pit multiple times. She is also extremely wealthy, especially since she assumes control of Ra’s’ organization and joins forces with Talia. Like her father and sister, she knows Batman’s secret identity and the location of the Batcave.

In the Batcave, a Lazarus Pit was created by Batman after he learned that the Pits were necessary to maintain the stability of the world. A third seems to exist high in the Himalayas, used by Black Adam to revive Isis. A fourth Lazarus Pit was revealed to exist in the Australian outback; and a fifth in Tibet.[citation needed]

“Infinite Crisis”

During “Infinite Crisis“, Nyssa and her sister connive to use Talia’s membership in Luthor’s Secret Society of Super Villains in order to take over the planet. Nyssa tries to recruit Batgirl (as Cassandra Cain) to stand at her side as “The One Who Is All”. She attempts to explain why she is working with the villains of the Society to Batgirl:

“Vast stockpiles of food rot, while people starve. Millions die from curable diseases, while drug companies rake in the billions. Our environment chokes on our waste, becoming so toxic that life fails. It’s genocide by greed, apathy, and neglect. These are the real crimes. Something must change.”

“But … they’re evil.”

“The Society’s plans are vast … they will succeed. I can’t stop them. When the world gets a true taste of violent oppression, and their heroes lie dead and broken – apathy will die. That’s when you’ll lead my league to sanction key society members. Leaving Talia and I to lead the revolution. A new world will be born, one of peace and equality. Millions of lives will be saved.”

Batgirl #67, written by Andersen Gabrych

Cassandra refuses, and, along with Mr. Freeze, escapes from Nyssa’s grasp.

In “One Year Later“, Nyssa is seen in Northern Africa, planning an unknown plot with two terrorists. As she gets into her car to leave, it explodes.[2] In the following issue, Lady Shiva reports that Nyssa  is dead, probably killed by the League of Assassins.[3]

 More recently Nyssa appears as a recurring character in the CW series Arrow, portrayed by Katrina Law. Her existence is first hinted at in the episode “League of Assassins”, when a member of the League refers to “the child of Ra’s al Ghul”.

In “Heir to the Demon”, Nyssa appears in Starling City with the intention of bringing Sara Lance, a former League of Assassins member, with whom she had a romantic relationship.

Nyssa’s last name is al Ghul, rather than Raatko (although she uses the latter name as an alias), and she is as skilled an archer as Oliver Queen/The Arrow. Because of her relationship with Nyssa, Sara was many times referred to as the “beloved”, mostly by the members of the League (similarly to Batman being Talia’s “beloved”).

In the end, she releases Sara from her obligation to the League, and disappears. She returned in the season finale episode “Unthinkable” where she and the League assisted Oliver, Sara and Roy Harper against Slade Wilson‘s army in exchange for Sara’s return to the League.

She and Sara left the City with the League.[4] She made an appearance at the ending of the season 3 episode “Corto Maltese” where she attacks Oliver and Roy and angrily asks about Sara, seemingly unaware of Sara’s murder.

She takes a larger role in the following episode, “The Magician”. After learning that Sara is dead, Nyssa seeks out Malcolm Merlyn, who she believes to be Sara’s killer.

Nyssa succeeds in tracking Merlyn down, although he claims that he did not kill Sara, which Nyssa does not believe. After Oliver says that he will defend Malcolm for as long as he is in Starling City, Nyssa leaves, stating that Oliver has made himself an enemy of the League.

I am not sure why there seems to be the urge to murder/kill off Lesbian character in TV see Chicago Fire the message amongst others I can only assume the writers are not empathic enough or maybe they just cannot be bothered to scratch below the surface of titillation value and actually delve into a relationship or character development.

It reminds me of that character in faking it “I wanna fuck a lesbo okay now I’ve got that out of the system nothing else going on here kill her off.” Oh well I guess the Lesbian is going to be taking the role of the black man….the black man always used to get it in the movies dying to save some PYT.

I liked having a female villain I was looking forward to a match up fisticuffs between either Laurel and Nyssa or Sarah and Nyssa and Nyssa with lots of sexual tension thrown in for good measure but they just disappointingly lamed the story (felicity is a nerd a character with a lot of potential hopefully they will take time to develop her as more than Arrow’s love interest) I guess they might recycle Huntress as Laurel Lance’s indomitable foe but I prefer the concept of Huntress as a Meta-Human badass Meta Human and I find it difficult to believe that Laurel will become the Black Canary (the best female martial artist in the DC verse) if its to be believed after picking up Martial arts at a late stage.

I don’t think any of these writers do any physical exercise or understand that someone who’s been doing something for 20 yrs is always going to be better at it than someone who’s been doing it for two years unless off course they download somebody’s brain into her head and give her a new body I think the story’s a dead end which is a shame as the actress playing Laurel Lance is very good and her talents under utilised. Well that’s my two cents for the day.

We will keep an eye out for Arrow Fan Fiction there is definitely room for development of this comic character.



The Continuum – The birth of the New Modern Heroine

Continuum is a Canadian science fiction series produced by Reunion Pictures Inc., Boy Meets Girl Film Company, and GK-TV. The series centers on the conflict between a group of rebels from the year 2077 who time-travel to Vancouver, BC, in 2012, and a police officer who accidentally accompanies them. In spite of being many years early, the rebel group decides to continue its violent campaign to stop corporations of the future from replacing governments, while the police officer endeavours to stop them without revealing to anyone that she and the rebels are from the future. The show premiered on Showcase on May 27, 2012.[2] The first season has 10 episodes.[2] On August 25, 2012, Showcase renewed Continuum for a second season of 13 episodes[3] which premiered on April 21, 2013 (Showcase) in Canada, May 23, 2013 (Syfy) in the UK and on June 7, 2013 (Syfy) in the US.[4] On June 5, 2013, Continuum was officially renewed and will be returning for a third season.[5]

City Protective Services (CPS) law enforcement officer Kiera Cameron (Rachel Nichols) lives a quiet, normal life with her husband and son in 2077-era Vancouver. Under the corporatocratic and oligarchicdystopia of the North American Union and its “Corporate Congress”, life goes on in apparent freedom under a technologically advanced high-surveillance police state.

When a group of anarcho-socialist self-proclaimed freedom fighters known as “Liber8″ escape execution by fleeing to the year 2012, Kiera is involuntarily transported with them into the past. Joining with Detective Carlos Fonnegra (Victor Webster) and the Vancouver Police Department, and enlisting the help of teen computer genius Alec Sadler (Erik Knudsen), Kiera works to track down and thwart Edouard Kagame (Tony Amendola) and his followers in the present day while concealing her identity as a time-traveller from the future.

Kagame and the members of Liber8 plot to alter the past to avert the rise of what they see as a dictatorial and Orwellian corporate regime to be stopped at all costs. Meanwhile, Kiera learns that Alec is none other than Alec Sadler, future corporate mogul and head of SadTech, one of the mega-corporations that dominate the world in 2077.

Fighting to return home to her family, Kiera finds that her presence in 2012, and that of the members of Liber8, may be no accident at all.

Rachel Nichols as City Protective Services (CPS) Protector Kiera Cameron, a law enforcement agent from 2077-era Vancouver who was sent back into the past with the members of Liber8 during their escape attempt at their execution. Cut off from her time period, she joins the Vancouver Police Department to pursue Liber8 and thwart their plans to alter the timeline using her new position in the police department and technology she brought with her.

Kiera came through the portal with her standard City Protection Service equipment one of which is a Suit with enabling enhanced strength, bulletproof protection, complete invisibility with color-changing camouflage.

An electric taser system, capable of emitting an energy shield bubble and advanced computer processing capabilities with built-in screens for data access in her wrists. Kiera is cybernetically enhanced with Cybernetic visual implants with functions that include biorhythm detection, heat detection and telescopic vision.

When Kiera’s suit is in proximity, she gains additional functionality, including complete personnel information on targets, and forensic data processing and computing. Kiera also has an electronic Multi-tool: a hand-held device that features wireless frequency generation (capable of matching current model wireless car door locks and other devices), a fingerprint duster that is electronically linked to her visual implants, a magnetic field generator, and a medical injector for various drugs from truth serum to stimulants.

Kiera Cameron is the equivalent of a technological Amazon except that unlike the Amazons and Wonder Woman she has a sex life, ie a husband and son and a love interest which she is able to balance like most normal women without making her out to be an unconscionable slut or an emotionally retarded single woman who just can’t seem to get a man or woman.

She has similar attributes to Wonder Woman, invisibility, truth serum (Wonder Woman has a lasso), bullet proof and enhanced strength and intelligence. She can also sometimes be emotionally disconnected like Wonder Woman but unlike Wonder Woman she is not portrayed as the untouchable virgin princess who is on a pedestal and inaccessible to the average joe.

I like the development of the characters in this series, her sidekick and sometime possible love interest Carlos Fonnegra (played by Victor H. Webster) is suitably handsome and manly (e.g. he can handle himself in a fight) and is not some physically challenged male whose strength significantly reduces in direct proportion with the female character’s strength.  I hope if they do gave Rachel Nicols a love interest it would be a new character rather than Carlos. Nothing against Carlos but it always seems very incestuous when in virtually all the plots about cops the sexual chemistry between two cop partners is a focal point it would be nice to see  a change.

However I would like to see Rachel Nicols in some more action scenes, i.e. taking down the bad guys. If she has a power suit that enhances her strength then it would make sense if she deployed that asset better. I think she moves elegantly and fluidly and makes a believable female action hero, but that’s my personal opinion. Her other character, the geek  sidekick Alec Sadler played by Erik Knudsen is perfectly cast and brings in the dimension of physics and time travel. The show is always asking questions and I believe if handled well it would be and inspiration just like Star Trek inspired Motorola to develop the mobile phone.

I think Kiera Cameron is a strong well rounded female heroine. She has the mental and emotional strength to do her job without being neurotic. She has the cold calculating mind that you would expect from an investigator. She has the physical and mental strength and intelligence to rescue herself and protect others without being affected by the damsel in distress syndrome that seems to affect other supposedly strong female characters who always have to be rescued or who sustain injuries that leave them vulnerable. Her character does not need that, although she appears to suffer from an inordinate amount of wardrobe malfunctions at the most inconvenient times, i.e. her suit but I guess that’s all part of the story.

She is also a character that most people would sympathise, her wanting the world to be a safer place for her son, her loss of her family especially her son her dilemma over whether in pursuing a relationship in 2012 she is being unfaithful to her husband in 2077 whom she might never see, but still understanding that she is human and ultimately will have intimate relationships with other characters in the series.

Why did I choose Kiera Cameron? I believe that outside of Wonder Woman she is probably one of the most well written and well rounded heroines in modern times. I hope she remains so for a long time.

See also Continuum the war files at Continuum: The War Files is an eight part graphic novel that tells the story of Kiera during the war between the Global Corporate Congress and the Liber8 rebels, setting the precedent for the actual television series that follows. It features stories by Continuum creator Simon Barry and star Rachel Nichols. It is showcased on the game website of the Continuum series, currently available exclusively in Canada.

Fanfiction can already be found for The Continuum at

Find out more information about the show here:
Official web site
Official Facebook page
Official Twitter account

You may also wish to follow Rachel Nichols on Twitter – @RachelNichols1




Uncategorized ,

Grudge Match

Okay so this story was also from Justice League (Season 2 Episode 9). I am not sure if you would say it has Lesbian undertones so much as a bunch of “Wimmin kickin da shizzle out of each other” which in some schools of thought carries its own brand of eroticism.

So the story is that Meta-Brawl entrepreneur Roulette finds herself disappointed that her latest staged matches aren’t earning enough money to even pay the rent in where she’s now staging them, so she turns to Lex Luthor for some financial help. Luthor, himself strapped for cash, gives Roulette an idea in the form of staging all-female Meta-Brawl matches that she named the Glamor Slam, but it wouldn’t feature any of Luthor’s female members from his Secret Society, as he hints.

Huntress, who notices that Black Canary gets easily taken down by a pickpocket, follows her into the city of Blüdhaven, where she enters a secret arena to fight against her fellow Justice League member Fire. Huntress watches the whole thing in her civilian identity as Helena Bertinelli, then tries to confront Black Canary alone to ask why she’s fighting Fire. Black Canary only answers Huntress with her fists until her Justice League communicator falls out of her ear and gets crushed. Black Canary acts as if she just snapped out of a trance, but only long enough for Huntress to knock her out. Soon both heroines are captured and placed in a cell together, where they both discover that Roulette is using the Justice League communicators to brainwash the female members into fighting each other.

Huntress and Black Canary are soon brought into the fighting arena, where they must fight together against Hawkgirl and Vixen. As the battle is engaged, both heroines are successful in removing the Justice League communicators from both Vixen’s and Hawkgirl’s ears. But the fun isn’t over yet: Roulette announces a new star attraction to the mix — Wonder Woman. As Vixen and Hawkgirl try to survive against wrestling with the Amazon Princess, Huntress and Black Canary break out of the arena and make their way into Roulette’s control room, where they force her and Sonar to break the brainwashing signal. Soon, just as Wonder Woman is about to smash her fellow Justice League member’s faces in, she stops and calmly tells them both they have some explaining to do.

As the female Justice League members help each other outside, Huntress is re-offered team membership, but she turns it down, saying she prefers working independently. She does, however, offer Black Canary a two-out-of-three-falls match to work out their anger issues with each other, which she accepts.


Scandal Savage, Wonder Woman and the Princess of Kasnia

Okay so I am trying to get you some fanfiction wherever I can find it on Scandal Savage. A character that intrigues me mightily. I liked the idea of a Lesbian comic character but then I discover she’s a baddie, the daughter of one of the worst baddies actually (Vandal Savage) and she’s dating a stripper (Knockout). Sigh not someone you want to take home to mom is she. So during my search I got some Fan Fiction and I have posted it and the links below.

The Best Good Mornings (Mature) by cidercupcakes for museofspeed
Pairing: Knockout/Scandal Savage
Summary: There’s a certain rhythm to the morning that appeals to Scandal.

A Peacemaking Visit of Sorts (Teen) by milleniumrex for museofspeed
Pairing/Chars: Knockout/Scandal Savage, Knockout, Kon-El, Scandal Savage
Warnings: Underage
Summary: Scandal and Superboy meet, and Knockout gets a very unusual birthday surprise.

Begun in Wine (Teen) by kathryne for bofoddity
Chars: Jeannette, Scandal Savage, Backstory
Summary: Jeannette had already died once. She didn’t want to do it again.

Beelzebub Has A Devil Put Aside for Me (Teen) by harriet_spy (SarahT) for bofoddity
Chars: Deadshot, Scandal Savage
Summary: Secrets, lies, and a truly disgusting Slurpee.

Well as I was searching for info on Scandal, I came across an old Justice League Episode called Maid of Honor with Wonder Woman, Batman, Vandal Savage and the blonde haired blue eyed party princess Audrey of Kasnia. At first we see Wonder Woman flirting with Bruce Wayne and then there is a kidnapping attempt and the story seems to take an interesting turn.

Princess Audrey is the sole heir to the throne of Kasnia and she is engaged to marry Vandal Savage (the super Villain). After a  failed kidnap attempt, there follows a night of serious partying, the two are beleaguered by paparazzi and Wonder Woman carries the Princess off to somewhere romantic, where they have the touching little scene below. The Princess spends the night with Wonder Woman, Vandal poisons the King of Kasnia and Audrey has to take the throne and marry Vandal which she does despite  Wonder Woman’s vehement objections. The marriage takes place in I believe a Greek orthodox church but Vandal gets his comeuppance Audrey and Wonder Woman continue as friends? and one is left wondering.

Whilst I understand the story is for children I believe that after watching it any fan-fiction writers out there could easily get the subtext. Its one of the few times we see Wonder Woman relax around another woman. Her relationship with Shyera (Hawk girl) is very tense and they have a grudging respect for each other. They have the type of respect you show to a rival you respect, only they are not fighting over the same man, could it be territory? I leave you to figure it out.

Super Heroines, Uncategorized, Villain

Super Heroines Who Swing

Its official she is the only Woman who can match Superman. Feminist Icon from a country of women only, she does not have a father although it is assumed her father is Ares. She is tall, with black hair blue eyes and incredibly strong. Alter Ego Diana Prince. She is currently rumoured to be in a relationship with Superman but she also has feelings for Batman and we think some latent ones for Supergirl.

Widely regarded as the best Martial Artist in the DC world Black Canary sometimes she is credited with a sonic scream. more about that later. She is supposed to be Green Arrow’s Love interest. However she just left Starling City so we shall have to see how that pans out.

The first Superhero to admit she might be gay she, originally started off as a cover for Batman’s gay tendencies with his “partner” Robin. Obviously Batman went off and had a lot of groupies which did not convince anybody so to get a more believable partner a long term relationship with Batwoman was introduced but she went off and became a Lesbian.

She manages to be “Motherly, butch, sensual, and moral, all at the same time.”A promising military student, she was given the choice to either deny her sexuality in writing or be kicked out of the marines due to the Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell policy. Rather than break her oath to never lie, she told the truth and began to seek out an outlet for doing good in the world through superheroics instead.

Renee Montoya is a familiar face for Batman fans.  Originally introduced on Batman: The Animated Series, she made her way into the comic books and soon after came out as a lesbian.  At this point, she was one of the most high profile lesbian comic book characters, and her elevation to superhero status only reinforces her groundbreaking role. I personally feel that this is a role that would suit the actress Janina Gavankar, simply because I liked the way she played the detective Mckenna Hall in Arrow the television series based on the DC comic character Green Arrow but hey what do I know I’m not a casting director and I got no kudos in Hollywood.

Rene Montoya also plays an important part to Batwoman’s backstory, as the two have shared an on-again/off-again romantic entanglement.   The two broke up initially because Renee was unwilling to out herself to her police coworkers.  They struggle to find common ground while they both deal with their busy lives of stopping psychos from destroying the world.

Mystique? A hero or villains? She is as mercurial as her form. She never stays in one spot for too long and quickly gets bored of the people she spends time with.

Except for one person,  Destiny, her long time lover. As far back as the 70′s writers were pretty open about her romantic relationship with another woman. The fact that the pages of Marvel would show off a lesbian comic book character (villain or not) was a big deal.

The two of them lived very happily together for years. While Mystique stayed young and vital due to her superpowers, eventually Destiny grew old and died. Although gone, Destiny’s love and affection still hangs over Mystique and informs her every action.

The Amazons of the (DC World comics) see especially Themyscira.

Yes, the Amazons. As in the group of people Wonder Woman hails from. But, then, what did we really suspect. Their entire culture is based on never, ever allowing themselves to be around men, ever. If you think they haven’t discovered a Sapphic side over the years, you’re out of your mind.!!!. e.g. check out Wonder Woman’s “Suffering Saphho” comments and the courting ritual described in my description of Themyscira.

Of course, recent comic books have really played up the lesbian angle for these iconic comic book characters. In fact, some writers have even implied that Wonder Woman herself is bisexual. Straight out of Greek Mythology, this island of Goddesses beyond the touch of men show what a lesbian community is like, instead of just having a lone character represent an entire sexual orientation.

Scandal Savage

Scandal is the daughter of the immortal super villain Vandal Savage.  Featuring a retarded metabolism herself, she is able to heal from wounds quickly (in hours and days, nothing like Wolverine) and is one of the best melee fighters in the DC universe.

Her homosexuality was not much of a secret. In fact, she was in a very long term relationship with super villain Knockout before the two of them became anti-hero mercenaries in the popular Secret Six title. Unfortunately, Knockout was killed a few years back.  Scandal has started to move on and has begun dating a woman with remarkably similar looks to her deceased partner.

Uncompromising and tough, Scandal is a take-no-BS kinda woman.  However, she does have her softer side and has shown a great paternal affection for her team mate and friend Bane. Yes Bane as in the Dark Knight Rises Bane -more on that later.

Super Heroes, Uncategorized ,

Scandal Savage

Scandal Savage is a fictional character, a supervillainess and antiheroine in the DC Comics Universe . She first appeared in Villains United #1 (July 2005), and was created by Gail Simone and Dale Eaglesham. Scandal is a member of the Secret Six and the daughter of supervillain Vandal Savage.

Scandal first appeared as a shrewd businesswoman in Villains United #1 (July 2005) where she was created by author Gail Simone and artist Dale Eaglesham. Within this run her character was developed and revealed by the author to be as deadly a character as any of the others in Secret Six, where she unveiled her trademark “lamentation blades” and battle outfit. In Villains United #6, the character was officially confirmed to be among the few lesbian supervillains in the DC Universe.

The character subsequently appeared in the Secret Six miniseries later in 2006, as written by Gail Simone which would embellish upon the relationship between the character and her father Vandal Savage. In Simone’s final run on Birds of Prey as part of the “Whitewater” story arc, she saw a crossover between the titular Birds of Prey and the Secret Six. When Tony Bedard assumed control of Birds of Prey, the characters of Knockout and Scandal continued to appear in issue #109 which followed from the conclusion of “Whitewater”. Tying into the upcoming Salvation Run miniseries, the character would appear again immediately following Birds of Prey #109, in Checkmate #18 as part of an emerging build up towards Salvation Run.

Fictional character biography

Scandal Savage is the daughter of immortal villain Vandal Savage and an unknown Brazilian woman, who apparently raised the child in her home country, though trained in combat by her father from childhood on.

In an attempt to destroy an alternate Lex Luthor‘s plans, the real Lex Luthor, under the alias Mockingbird, blackmailed Scandal and five other villains into antagonizing the Secret Society of Super Villains. Despite being severely outnumbered, Scandal and the rest of the Secret Six were able to thwart the Society on a number of occasions. Eventually Luthor granted the Six their freedom, telling them the safeguards placed against their rebellion were lies.

While working with the Six was originally all about saving her mother, Scandal eventually grew to care about her teammates, and is actually in an intimate lesbian relationship with one of the newest members.

During Villains United, Scandal positioned her lover Knockout as a mole in the Society. During one of the attacks by the Society, Knockout revealed her true allegiances by saving Scandal during a fight with Talia al Ghul.[1] Knockout then became an official member of the Six.

While the two were vacationing in Bangkok, Knockout was almost killed when she was shot with a Thanagarian sniper rifle by Pistolera. The shot implanted a bomb in her skin and when Scandal refused to leave her side, Knockout threw herself from the blast range telling her they would meet again in the afterlife. After the bomb went off, Scandal scrambled through the garbage to find Knockout miraculously still alive. Scandal vowed revenge on Pistolera for hurting Knockout, and soon would have it.

The Secret Six managed to capture Pistolera and Scandal took pleasure torturing the hired gun. Ultimately, Scandal could not kill the person who almost took her beloved from her, so her teammate, Deadshot, stepped in and did the deed for her.[2] Knockout regenerated her injuries soon after.

It has recently been revealed that Vandal Savage was responsible for the attacks on Knockout and the rest of the Six, as a warning of what will happen if Scandal doesn’t bear an heir for him. However, Scandal “killed” her father and escaped with the rest of the Six (minus the Mad Hatter).

Following this, the Secret Six were hired for mercenary work by a Russian mobster to protect a Rocket Red suit that was revealed to be occupied by the presumed-dead super-hero Ice.[3] During the battle against the Birds of Prey for the suit and Ice, Spy Smasher made Deadshot accidentally shoot Scandal in the back.[4] She appeared to be fine, but was too weak to continue the fight.

Following Knockout’s murder by an unknown assailant,[5] a drunk and distraught Scandal is kidnapped by Bronze Tiger and Rick Flag on the orders of Amanda Waller. King Faraday offers her a place in a revived Suicide Squad, but she refuses and promises to kill him. Faraday then orders her to be shipped off to an unknown location (see Salvation Run).[6]

She was briefly seen attacking Bolt for groping her. She was also shown to at some point to have gotten another tattoo underneath her left eye.

In the new Secret Six series (September 2008), Scandal was shown to still be drunk and depressed over the loss of Knockout. Catman and Deadshot tried to cheer her up, presenting her with a stripper dressed like Knockout. Scandal declined the woman’s advances, and managed to pull herself together for the Six’s new mission.[7]

During that time, the Six’s new member, Bane developed a fatherlike affection towards Scandal, much to her discomfort. Following the mission’s success, Scandal encountered the stripper at a supermarket. Learning that her name was Liana Kerzner, Scandal entered into a relationship with her.[8] After resurrecting Knockout with Neron‘s “Get Out of Hell Free” card, Scandal proposes a polygamous marriage between all three women, which both her lovers accept. The Secret Six are ultimately defeated and captured by an army of superheroes, with most of the team’s fates (including Scandal’s) left unrevealed due to the September 2011 reboot.[9]

The Darkest Horse

One day, Scandal is overwhelmed with grief because she misses Knockout and she begins to hate the idea that her new girlfriend Liana Kerzner is a substitute for the former New Goddess. Scandal decides that she can’t take the pain anymore so she will use the Get Out of Hell free card for Knockout. But Scandal soon realizes the card has been stolen from its secret hiding place. Ragdoll has stolen the card in order to start his own reign in Hell. The remaining members of the Six go through the portal that Ragdoll used to enter Hell.

The team discover that Ragdoll is the new leader of Hell and he intends to marry Knockout just to spite Scandal. Fortunately, Knockout convinces Scandal that she has a chance at redemption and a happy life with Liana. Knockout also convinces Scandal to take Ragdoll back with them because he is upsetting the balance in the underworld. Scandal reluctantly agrees and the team is reunited back on Earth.

Scandal heads to Liana’s apartment to embrace her with love and compassion but she soon discovers that her apartment has been thrashed. Scandal finds a blood trail which leads out of Liana’s apartment to a nearby park. Apparently, Liana’s ex boyfriend is an unstable born again Christian who wants to pray away Liana’s homosexuality but when that doesn’t work, the boyfriend tortures Liana. Scandal tortures and kills the ex-boyfriend then she takes Liana to a nearby hospital where she waits by Liana’s bed side, hoping for a speedy recovery.

Powers and abilities

The full extent of Scandal’s powers has yet to be revealed, although that it would appear owing to her father’s immortality she is incredibly resilient to harm. She claims to be “damned hard to kill” at the least.[10] In Birds of Prey #107, she took a bullet from Deadshot[11] and was capable of regrowing her damaged organs[12] talking to and carrying Knockout several minutes later, with no apparent ill effects.

In Checkmate #18, it is speculated she may or may not be immortal like her father. She also took several rounds from a machine gun to the chest and legs and still considered herself combat ready (threatening to kill her assailants). She and other people have made comments that imply that her life had been or will be longer than average. She has proven herself to be a vicious fighter, capable of holding her own against the likes of Fatality,[13] Hawkgirl, and Talia al Ghul.[1]

In combat, she often employs a set of wrist-mounted blades, — the Laminas Pesar or “Lamentation Blades”, which Scandal claims have been in the family for a long time. The blades have two settings. One is a pair of long, awl-like blades designed for stabbing. The other is three knife-like blades designed for slashing. She was also seen riding a motorcycle and seemed to be capable of combat while still riding this (though this was never seen).[



Mystique (Raven Darkhölme)[3] is a fictional character associated with the Marvel Comics‘ franchise X-Men. Originally created by artist David Cockrum and writer Chris Claremont, she first appeared in Ms. Marvel #16.

Throughout most of her history, Mystique has been a supervillain, founding her own Brotherhood of Mutants and assassinating several important people involved in mutant affairs. Mystique herself is a mutant, a shapeshifter whose natural appearance includes blue skin and yellow eyes. At one point, she mentions that she is over 100 years old.[5] Mystique is the mother of the villain Graydon Creed, the X-Men hero Nightcrawler, and adoptive mother of the heroine Rogue. She is forced to abandon Nightcrawler, but raises Rogue for a number of years, and the two women have mixed feelings towards one another.

Despite Mystique’s history of crime, she works with the X-Men’s Professor X in a short-lived series. She is later voted straight into the X-Men.

Actress Rebecca Romijn portrayed Mystique in first three of the X-Men films.[9] In the 2011 film, X-Men: First Class, Jennifer Lawrence plays the role of a young Mystique (with Romijn making a cameo appearance). In 2009, Mystique was ranked as IGN‘s 18th Greatest Comic Book Villain of All Time.

Mystique was originally created by artist Dave Cockrum. Writer Chris Claremont saw Cockrum’s design, dubbed the character “Mystique”, and with Cockrum’s permission, she first appeared in Ms. Marvel No.16 (May 1978).[11][12]

Former X-Men writer Claremont has stated that he originally intended Mystique and Destiny to be Nightcrawler’s biological parents (with Mystique having morphed into a man for the act of conception), but Marvel didn’t agree, because at that time the Comics Code Authority and Marvel policy prohibited the explicit portrayal of gay or bisexual characters. Much later, the two were confirmed to have been a couple.

Despite the fact that Mystique’s exact age remains unknown, her earliest meeting with her lover Destiny is stated to have occurred somewhere around “the dawn of the 20th century.”

Destiny (Irene Adler) is a Marvel Comics fictional character, known as an adversary of the X-Men. Created by writer Chris Claremont and artist/co-writer John Byrne, the character first appeared in Uncanny X-Men #141 (January 1981). She died in Uncanny X-Men #255 and was resurrected with a techno-organic virus during the 2009 Necrosha event.

Although blind, Destiny was a mutant precognitive able to accurately predict future events. She filled several diaries with the future history of mutantkind, the search for which was a main storyline in the 2000s (decade) series X-Treme X-Men, years after Destiny died.

As far back as 1981, Claremont had intended Destiny to be the lover of Brotherhood of Mutants teammate Mystique, and had originally intended for Destiny and Mystique to be Nightcrawler‘s biological parents, with Mystique taking the form of a man for the conception.[1][2] However, at that time, the Comics Code Authority and Marvel policy prohibited the explicit portrayal of gay or bisexual characters.[3][4] Destiny was simply referred to as the only member of the new Brotherhood that Mystique saw as a friend; all the other members being male and prone to arguing amongst each other. Much later,[5] the two were confirmed to have been a couple.[1]

Irene Adler was born in Salzburg, Austria. Mystique was working as a consulting detective when Destiny sought her help in understanding the precognitive visions recorded in her diaries.[6] During this time, the two fell in love. Background details suggest that this meeting took place around 1900.

She was more accurate in predicting near-future events concerning her present environment. In a period of 12 months during her adolescence, Irene had produced 13 volumes of prophecies concerning the late 20th and early 21st centuries. When that period ended, Irene was left physically blind and haunted by disturbing images of uncertain meaning. She enlisted Raven’s services in pursuit of two goals: the deciphering of her recorded prophecies and a mission to prevent the most terrifying of them from ever being fulfilled.

The two women would soon become lifelong friends and lovers. They both discovered that their set goals were difficult to achieve. Their abilities would easily allow them to achieve personal success but to shape the future was stated to be “next to impossible” as it would require “social engineering.” Although they remained romantically involved for years to come, there were periods in which the two women were separated from one another, allowing them both to have other romantic relationships and even families.

Together, the two would later raised adopted daughter Rogue in their home in fictional Caldecott County, Mississippi. They remained together until Destiny’s death.

The Books of Truth

Years after her death it was revealed that when Destiny’s mutant power first manifested she filled several diaries called “The Books of Truth” with prophecies of the future that, when in the wrong hands, posed the greatest threat to humanity ever known. Guarded by Destiny’s companion Mystique for years, some of the volumes later came into the possession of Professor Charles Xavier. However, a team of X-Men, fearing that absolute knowledge of the future would lead their mentor to a temptation the world could not afford, exiled themselves from their home and teammates in order to hunt down the remaining Books of Truth, in the hope that they can locate the prophecies before Xavier or someone worse does.[volume & issue needed]

This team of X-Treme X-Men spent some time searching for Destiny’s diaries, and found the rest of them, yet these became apparently useless when a prediction in one of them was prevented from taking place. However, after the event known as House of M, the diaries were sought out again by Mister Sinister, who believes that one of the books contain information on the eventual fate of mutant-kind in the wake of Decimation. For that mission, he used the Acolytes to obtain Destiny’s Diaries. Exodus and his Acolytes attacked the Xavier Institute only to find forgeries of the books. The real diaries were actually hidden in Flint, Michigan by Shadowcat and Emma Frost. However, all the books were burned to ashes by Gambit before the Marauders or the X-Men could read them.[volume & issue needed]


After getting hold of the Technarch transmode virus, Selene resurrected Destiny so she could question Irene about what her future holds.[18] After telling Selene what she wants to hear, Destiny is taken back to her cell, where she telepathically contacts Blindfold by accident when she was trying to reach her foster daughter Rogue. After showing Blindfold she means no harm and saving her life from falling rubble caused by Warpath, she gives Blindfold information about Selene. However, after breaking contact, she realizes she may have made a grave mistake.

The mistake is revealed to be Proteus who is now in possession of Blindfold.[20] Rogue, along with a group of X-Men go to Muir Island to battle Proteus, and it is through the combined efforts of Rogue, Magneto and Psylocke that he is defeated. Afterwards Destiny explains to Blindfold that she is not her mother, as the other previously considered, but a distant relative. Destiny then takes a moment to share a final good-bye with her foster daughter, before eventually leaving in order to supposedly die at the end of the storyline.

Chaos War

During the Chaos War, Moira MacTaggart, Thunderbird, Banshee, Esme and Sophie of the Stepford Cuckoos, and Multiple Man‘s fallen clones are resurrected and appear on the former grounds of the X-Men school. There, Moira MacTaggart finds one of Destiny’s diaries which contains a passage depicting the events of the war and apparently the key to defeating Amatsu-Mikaboshi. It is also revealed that she is the same Irene Adler of Sherlock Holmes‘s stories.[22] After Thunderbird prayed to the Thunderbird God to teleport the group away from the attacking Carrion Crow, Thunderbird and the group learned that Moira has been possessed by Destiny’s ghost.[23]

Power and abilities

Destiny was a mutant that had the ability of psionic precognition, to see future probabilities and interpret them to best select or manipulate what was likely to happen. This allowed her to compensate for her blindness by seeing where objects in her path would be. The accuracy of Destiny’s ability to foresee the future decreases in direct proportion to the distance ahead in time.

She carried a small crossbow with her that she used offensively, and had good aim because she “saw” where it would land in her precognitive visions.

In Necrosha, Destiny was shown to utilize telepathic abilities as she mentally searched for Rogue (instead finding Blindfold) and then projecting her image into Blindfold’s mind. This was explained later that she had fragments of the mutant Proteus inside her.[volume & issue needed] After making physical contact with Blindfold, Proteus appeared to take full possession of Blindfold and vacate Destiny’s body. As such, she may or may not still have telepathy.

Early espionage activities and contacts

The decades-long quest[clarification needed] of Mystique and Destiny apparently required them to constantly travel. They encountered Shadowcat and Rachel Summers, who had time traveled from the future and sought to prevent a plot by Nazi agents Baron Wolfgang von Strucker and Geist, “Ghost”, a member of Nazi intelligence, and their ally Amahl Farouk, Shadow King. The three had conspired to question the rights of the British Monarch to the throne and then to replace him with Oswald Mosley of the British Fascist Party, a likely ally for Nazi Germany. Irene and Raven contacted an acquaintance of theirs, called Logan, to help the time travelers.

Irene and Raven advised Shadowcat and Logan against proceeding in their contemplated assassination of Adolf Hitler and other prominent leaders and officials of the Nazi Party. Raven was laconic in only stating: “All of us have learned to kill, Logan. But more importantly, we have learned not to kill. And to know the difference.”

At some point, Raven reportedly lost contact with Irene. She managed to locate her working as an archivist in the Alamogordo nuclear research facilities in New Mexico. Raven was uncertain of Irene’s motivation, but apparently trusted her enough not to press for answers.


Raven meets Victor Creed, the man known as Sabretooth. At the time, she uses the identity of deceased German secret agent Leni Zauber. Both Leni and Victor had been assigned with the assassination of a scientist in East Berlin. Raven completes the mission in place of Leni, and then she and Victor have to hide in a safe location for a while. They became lovers, but she soon fakes her death in order to leave him.

The result of this short-lived affair is reportedly the birth of Graydon Creed, her earliest known child. A number of stories report that soon after his birth, Raven gives him up for adoption. Others depict Mystique making arrangements for him from a distance. Graydon reportedly spends most of his childhood in a boarding school.

Raven keeps track of his activities until he reaches adolescence. Being the child of two mutants, Graydon assumes he is a mutant himself. However, he eventually proves to be a Homo Sapien instead of a Homo Superior. Raven is disappointed and soon abandons him. Graydon grows to hate his parents, and eventually extends his hatred to all mutants.

He later becomes leader of the mutant-hating organization Friends of Humanity, and then a politician. Graydon, at the height of his political ascension, was assassinated by an unknown shooter.[19] The shooter was later revealed to be a time traveling version of Mystique, as part of a convoluted time paradox involving Jean Grey, Iceman, Toad, and Juggernaut.[20]


For several years Mystique was also reported to be the mother of Nightcrawler, but the exact events were uncertain. Much later another writer, Chuck Austen, eventually revealed that the father was a demonic-looking mutant from biblical times called Azazel.

At that time, Raven is married to Baron Christian Wagner; older sources give his name as Count Eric Wagner, an affluent member of German nobility. He proves to be a loving husband, but rather disappointing as a lover. His infertility adds to their marital problems. Raven starts using her shapeshifting powers in order to secretly have sexual encounters with others. She is apparently both seeking sexual satisfaction and attempting to conceive another child. She is eventually seduced by fellow mutant Azazel.

Azazel states that he is ruler of “an island nation off the coast of Bermuda: La Isla des Demonas,” The Island of Demons. He is apparently able to disguise his appearence (although is not a shapeshifter like Mystique), and also has the power of teleportation. He is later revealed to also have the power of immortality and to be the father of an ancient race of mutants known as the Neyaphem, active since at least 2000 BC.

His natural form is that of a young man with black hair, yellow eyes, red skin, and a pointed tail. He later claimed to have been posing as a demon and to have used many aliases: “Because I am Semihazah, Duma, Keriel, Mastema, Beliar, Gadreel, and Beelzebub. And most commonly called Satan.” Many of these aliases have also been claimed by several notable true demons of the Marvel Universe.

Raven soon becomes pregnant. Her husband becomes suspicious and his own father suggests a blood test to verify if the child is his. Mystique uses a dagger to murder him and then buries him. She eventually gives birth to a young boy with black hair, yellow eyes, blue skin, and a pointed tail. The locals consider the mother and child to be demons, and attempt to kill them. Mystique manages to escape but abandons her second known son. He is found and raised by Gypsy sorceress Margali Szardos and named Kurt Wagner.


Mystique later becomes the adoptive mother of the girl Rogue, when she was just four years old. Rogue had run away from her home in rural Caldecott County, Mississippi. The girl was living alone in a wooded area, brandishing a shotgun and trusting no one when Mystique found her. Destiny foresees that Rogue will be important to them and Mystique seeks her out, gains her trust, and takes her in. She and Destiny raise the girl over approximately a decade, and Mystique grows to be very protective of her.

Mystique had concealed her superhuman powers and criminal intentions so well over the years that, as Raven Darkhölme, she is able to rise rapidly through the United States Civil Service to the trusted position of Deputy Director of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) in the United States Department of Defense. This position gives her access to military secrets and to advanced weaponry, both of which she uses for her own criminal and subversive purposes.

In this position, she attempts the theft of the Centurion weaponry from S.H.I.E.L.D. She also beat Ms. Marvel‘s lover Michael Barnett to death, and sought to kill Ms. Marvel.

To help her in her criminal activities, Mystique organizes her own incarnation of the Brotherhood of Evil Mutants, which originally consisted of herself, Avalanche, the Blob, Destiny, and Pyro. This incarnation of the Brotherhood first gains notoriety when it attempts to assassinate Senator Robert Kelly, a notoriously anti-mutant politician.

The X-Men battle the Brotherhood and thus thwart the assassination attempt, thereby averting a series of events which would have resulted in the death of most super-powered humans, and the subjugation of North America by the mutant-hunting robots, the Sentinels (as chronicled in the “Days of Future Past” storyline).[23] The Brotherhood later clashed with the X-Men on other occasions.

Rogue is trained by Mystique and eventually joins the Brotherhood. Her mutant power is the ability to absorb the psyche, memories, personality, strengths, and any skills or powers of whomever she touches. Rogue proves to be a powerful member of the team. She goes on many missions with the Brotherhood and, with her help, the team is almost able to defeat the Avengers.[24]

On a mission with the Avengers, Rogue fights Carol Danvers, Ms. Marvel. Rogue tries stealing Carol’s powers, but Carol fights too hard and Rogue ends up absorbing Carol’s memories and powers permanently, while Carol is left an empty shell. Professor Xavier later restores Carol’s memories, but not the emotions that went with them.

Rogue, meanwhile, feels like she is losing her mind, grappling with Danvers’ psyche and at times not knowing which memories are really hers. Feeling like she is in danger of losing control of herself, Rogue runs away from home and seeks help from the X-Men, hoping that Professor X will be able to treat her. While the other X-Men are initially hesitant in accepting their former enemy, Xavier welcomes her and gives her a spot on the team.

Worried that Rogue has left because Xavier has brainwashed her, Mystique goes to rescue her, leading an attack on the X-Men. Rogue stops her, saying that she has left of her own free will. Mystique is doubtful and hurt, but Rogue ultimately convinces her by saying that Xavier was probably the only person who could help with her powers and give her a chance at a normal life, as she feared the absorbed personality of Carol Danvers would otherwise drive her insane.

Mystique grudgingly agrees and lets Rogue stay with the X-Men. Though she remains close to Rogue, coming to help her at times, Mystique comes to resent Xavier.

Mystique is captured by Carol Danvers at the Pentagon at one point. She leads the Brotherhood in clashes with Dazzler, and leads the Brotherhood in battle with the X-Men as well. Mystique later visits Forge, and protests Henry Peter Gyrich‘s use of Forge’s neutralizer.

Freedom Force

Later, anti-mutant sentiment among normal humans rises and the federal government launches its own covert anti-mutant program, Project Wideawake. Believing that the times have become too dangerous for the Brotherhood to continue its criminal activities, Mystique goes to Doctor Valerie Cooper, special assistant to the head of the National Security Council, and offers the Brotherhood’s services to the government.

Cooper agrees to convey the offer to the President on the condition that the Brotherhood passes a test she imposes: the capture of Magneto. The Brotherhood, now renamed Freedom Force, succeeds in bringing Magneto to the authorities, though only because he voluntarily surrenders to them so he can go on trial for his crimes and soon afterward officially enter the government’s employ.[29]

In return for entering government service as Freedom Force’s leader, Mystique and her team receive a presidential pardon for all criminal charges against them, but the pardon would be revoked if any member of Freedom Force were found committing a crime.

Mystique leads Freedom Force in capturing the Avengers on behalf of the federal government.She clashes with X-Factor in seeking to arrest Rusty Collins. With Freedom Force, she fights the X-Men in Dallas, and is present at the X-Men’s apparent demise. With Freedom Force, she battles Cyclops and Marvel Girl.

With Freedom Force she seeks to arrest Rusty Collins again, and battles the New Mutants. She finally succeeds in capturing Collins as well as Skids. She leads Freedom Force against the Reavers on Muir Island. On this particularly disastrous mission, Freedom Force loses two of its members, Stonewall and Mystique’s lover Destiny.

The death of her lover leaves Mystique psychologically scarred, and she never truly recovers.

Mystique is later nearly killed by Dr. Valerie Cooper, who is under the Shadow King‘s mental control. She then impersonates Dr. Valerie Cooper.[38] Mystique is eventually discovered impersonating Dr. Cooper, and saves Xavier’s life by killing the Shadow King’s human host, Jacob Reisz. She finally reconciles with Rogue.

In time, she comes to terms with Destiny’s death.She teams with Spiral and Wolverine in thwarting Mojo‘s near-destruction of the universe. Mystique later briefly stays as a guest at Xavier’s mansion. She begins going insane, and leaves the mansion under the care of Forge.


Mystique resurfaces several months later, in a failed attempt to kill Legion for his murdering of Destiny. Mystique has an implant put in her skull by Forge in order for the government to be able to keep track of her. She is then forced to become a member of the government-sponsored team X-Factor after being arrested for trying to blow up a dam.

In truth, Mystique had been trying to save the dam, which the U.S. Government wanted to destroy it so that they could blame it on mutants. She joins coincidentally to the departure of X-Factor member Wolfsbane. Her membership leads to tension with her teammates when Sabretooth is added to the team months later as a sleeper agent, for the main purpose of killing Mystique before she could uncover the truth about the conspiracy she had discovered. She slowly develops a romantic relationship with team-leader Forge (though he later thought that she was just using him).[volume & issue needed]

Part of the conspiracy involves Mystique’s son Graydon Creed running for President, under an anti-mutant platform.[volume & issue needed]

At the same time, both Graydon and Mystique learn that her lover Destiny had married and had children during one of the couple’s separations. Irene’s children are now adults with their own children, one of which is a mutant. Graydon has the mutant teen savagely beaten by members of the Friends of Humanity, as a warning towards his mother. Mystique is furious and wants to kill her son, but stops when she is given a message that Graydon’s backers want her to kill him and turn her son into a martyr.


Mystique then seeks to save her son from being betrayed by his backers, but fails miserably. Graydon dies and his death ushers in a new wave of anti-mutant violence. Ultimately, Sabretooth acts on his orders to kill the members of X-Factor as “Operation Zero Tolerance” is activated. Even though she could have left her teammates to die, Mystique attacks Sabretooth, an act of intervention that distracts Sabretooth long enough to keep him from finishing off the already injured team. Mystique then flees the scene after arranging for the members of X-Factor to receive emergency medical treatment for the wounds Sabretooth inflicted.[volume & issue needed]

Mystique goes into hiding, taking the identity of the senator’s wife Mallory Brickman, using her husband’s influence to set the FBI on Sabretooth. She prevents Rogue from giving up her mutant powers and she continues her investigation of the U.S. Government over her son’s death, leading to her aiding Toad and his most recent incarnation of the Brotherhood of Mutants on a mission to raid a government base. The mission fails thanks to Machine Man, who fights the Brotherhood and forces the team to flee. Mystique flees to Europe, at which point her life changes dramatically. While taking the form of a blonde haired woman during a trip to the beach, Mystique is confronted by a famous photographer who tells the mutant that he wants to make her the next big fashion model.[volume & issue needed]

Amused, Mystique accepts and quickly becomes the fashion industry’s newest top model. Using her money, Mystique moves back to New York and into an expensive penthouse apartment. At peace, Mystique buys a telescope and uses it to take in her penthouse’s view of New York. This proves to be a huge mistake, as a nearby building is being used by Skrulls loyal to Apocalypse to build the machinery needed for an upcoming scheme of the villains. When one of the Skrulls catches Mystique by her window with her telescope, they assume the worst and frame Mystique for the murder of a Japanese diplomat. With help from Shadowcat and Rogue, Mystique is cleared and leaves town. However, before she leaves, Shadowcat finds one of Destiny’s diaries, left there by Destiny herself before she died.[volume & issue needed]


Mystique then reaches a breakthrough regarding her investigation of the U.S. conspiracy against mutant-kind, but fate causes Mystique to suffer a massive blow. While gaining the critical intelligence on the identity of those who were involved in her son’s death and the attempt to kill her via Sabretooth, Mystique suddenly loses her powers while pretending to be a man in a busy office workplace.

Arrested, Mystique’s life is torn apart as the U.S. Government acts on their intelligence regarding Mystique, and uses it to destroy all of the alternate identities that Mystique has established over the years and arrange for Mystique to be unable to access any of the money she and Destiny had hidden away over the years.

This causes Mystique to lose any self-control she might once have had, as the loss of her powers and the loss of her freedom causes her to lash out at everyone around her. Most notably, Rogue feels the brunt of her mother’s wrath as Rogue has no sympathy for Mystique’s plight. The relationship sours most notably when Rogue refuses to tell Mystique that the X-Men are going to fight the High Evolutionary, who was responsible for depowering all mutants, in order to restore everyone’s powers. The X-Men defeat Evolutionary and restore everyone’s powers, allowing Mystique to escape jail.

Mystique is later sent back in time by the original X-Factor’s sentient ship. Raven finds that she is destined to be part of a great time paradox, where she finds herself with a time delay weapon, which she is about to program to kill Graydon. Mystique is confused, because she remembers that she set up the weapon, but never got around to programming it. After some deliberation, she decides to activate the weapon to kill Graydon.

Mystique’s sanity is further damaged by the revelation that her lover and soulmate Destiny was one of the founding members of the anti-mutant conspiracy Mystique had dedicated countless years to fighting, and had willfully withheld medical treatment to mutant children that would have resulted in them not growing up deformed due to their mutations.

This led to Raven once again going mad, due to the futility of her mission to change the world for the better. Raven becomes nihilistically obsessed with death and genocide, as she reforms the Brotherhood of Evil Mutants for another assassination attempt on Senator Kelly, and kidnaps Moira MacTaggert and impersonates her in order to access her research on the Legacy Virus.

While not the gifted scientist that Moira was, Mystique’s insanity and experience with bio-terrorism allows her not only to use samples of Moira’s Legacy Virus infected blood to create a biological weapon that would infect humans and not mutants, but most importantly, allows her to come up with a cure for the Legacy Virus after repeated readings of all of the doctor’s research which, when filtered through Mystique’s insane mind, results in her being able to pick up on insights that Moira had missed when researching.

The assassination attempt on Kelly ends in failure, when the mutant villain Pyro betrays his teammates to save Kelly’s life. Mystique blows up MacTaggert’s research facility, fatally injuring the doctor. Mystique then shoots Moira’s foster daughter Wolfsbane with a prototype of Forge’s neutralizer gun, depowering her.

Rogue arrives and confronts her mother. When Mystique reveals her plan to Rogue of using a modified form of the Legacy Virus on the humans, Rogue realizes that her mother is ill and tries to help her. Mystique pretends to accept Rogue’s help before stabbing her in the gut.

As Mystique confronts the other X-Men, Rogue’s healing factor revives her. Sneaking behind Mystique, Rogue uses the bone claws she had absorbed from Wolverine and stabs her in the back.

Mystique is hospitalized, where she tells the X-Men that Destiny had predicted a dark future for mutant-kind, and that the future Destiny foretold kept on unfolding despite all that Mystique had done to prevent it. She believes that the only way to save them is to get rid of the humans, for a planet of mutants might survive, while mutants divided against each other and with humanity shunning them as outcasts would be doomed.

Mystique is sent to prison, but quickly escapes. She then allies herself with Martinique Jason, the daughter of the original Mastermind, in an attempt to wrest control of the military organization known as the X-Corps from its founder, Banshee. Outfitted with a device that gives her the ability to generate an electrical charge, Mystique creates the identity of a supervillain named Surge and joins the X-Corps. While Mastermind’s daughter mind-controls the other members of the organization, Mystique brings Banshee’s organization down and slits his throat, leaving him in critical condition.

Double agent

Charles Xavier is later forced to make Mystique his secret agent, as his previous one, Prudence Leighton, has died and Mystique is the only one suitable enough to complete the missions. Xavier poses as Magneto to rescue Mystique from the Department of Homeland Security and from execution at the hands of Johny Kitano, Special Magistrate for Homo Superior crimes against humanity, and a mutant himself.[44]

At this time, Mystique claims that there is an imposter out to frame her, taking control over the Brotherhood and sending them on their recent missions (the assassination of Moira and the infiltration of X-Corps). Whether she is speaking the truth has not been revealed.

The two never truly trust each other, but as long as Mystique completes the missions without killing anybody, Xavier keeps her safe from the authorities, who are out to execute her. Working with Xavier is Forge, with whom Mystique had a brief romance while she was in X-Factor.

One of Xavier’s enemies, the Quiet Man, who is actually Prudence Leighton inhabiting the body of her assassin,[45] contacts Mystique and offers to give her an interference transmitter which would keep her safe from the authorities, the same type of device Xavier is using, if she killed Xavier. Creating a plan that would free her from both men, Mystique pretends to try killing Xavier while secretly working with the mutant thief Fantomex, after alerting Forge to stop her at the last moment.

Her plan is to have the Quiet Man see this and believe that she really has attempted to kill Xavier and is still working for him. However, the other X-Men also believe that Mystique has tried killing Xavier and seek her out.[46]

Rogue manages to track her down. She disowns her adoptive mother, saying she has tried to forgive Mystique for stabbing her, but that this is too much. She goes on to say that Mystique isn’t her mother, that she is a monster. Mystique tries apologizing to Rogue for how she has hurt her, but Rogue is distraught with rage and attacks her foster mother. Mystique manages to escape by blowing up the house and going through the window, changing her form to shield her fall.[46]

Mystique goes to the Quiet Man, who is planning on having her killed due to outliving her usefulness. After a battle, Mystique kills the Quiet Man, saves her former field-handler Shortpack, and discovers the Quiet Man’s interference transmitter has been a fake all along. Later, Forge catches Mystique trying to steal his interference transmitter. After some angry words, he smashes it and tells her he never wants to see her again. The two share a sad goodbye kiss and Mystique leaves. After Mystique is gone, Forge realizes that she had already switched his transmitter for the fake one.[45]

Joining the X-Men

Mystique later infiltrates the X-Men, posing as a young girl named Foxx and joining Gambit‘s training squad, the Chevaliers.[47] She attempts to seduce Rogue’s boyfriend Gambit to break them up so she can set her daughter up with a young mutant named Augustus, a man with whom she believes Rogue could be the happiest.[48]

Though severely tempted by “Foxx’s” advances, Gambit resists. Mystique ultimately reveals herself to him, telling him that she is trying to relieve the tension between him and Rogue (because of the two being unable to touch due to her ability to absorb someone’s essence upon skin-to-skin contact). Mystique then metamorphoses into Rogue and tells Gambit that he would not be cheating on Rogue if he had sex with her in Rogue’s form.[49]

When the telepath Emma Frost discovers who Foxx really is, the X-Men confront Mystique. Mystique tells them that she had been lonely and wants to join the X-Men. Emma also discovers that Gambit had known who Foxx really was all along, and a furious Rogue believes the two have been having an affair. Mystique would not reveal if she and Gambit did anything, but tells Rogue that if he truly loves her he would not have been tempted, and that she deserves better than him. Gambit denies anything had happened.[50]

Later, the X-Men vote and decide to have Mystique join them on a probationary status (though Rogue is one of the ones who vote against her joining). Meanwhile, Nightcrawler asks her to leave for a while regardless of the vote, saying that he needs more time adjusting to the idea of her being a member first. Mystique ultimately agrees and leaves.[51] However, after M-Day, she joins the X-Men and brings Augustus (Pulse) along with her. Both have been crucial in the latest downfall of Apocalypse. Rogue believes that Mystique’s transformation is yet another act.[volume & issue needed]


Mystique is a great assistance in the battle against the Children of the Vault, killing Sangre by pumping thermite bullets into his aquatic body. After the Hecatomb battle on Providence, Rogue’s team (sans Cable) return to Rogue’s former childhood home in Caldecott County, Mississippi, which Mystique owns for some downtime. Mystique consummates her flirtation with Iceman, and even alerts the X-Men, who come to treat Rogue’s illness, that there are intruders in the area. Only after Lady Mastermind drops her illusions do the X-Men realize that it is an all-out attack, and that both Lady Mastermind and Omega Sentinel (the latter being possessed by Malice) have defected sides. During the Marauders’ initial ambush, Mystique prevents Scalphunter from shooting Rogue. She then reveals herself as a traitor as well when she shoots her adopted daughter and, standing over her body, orders the remaining Marauders to kill the X-Men.

Messiah Complex

Mystique remains with the Marauders during the hunt for the first new mutant baby, but is revealed to have murdered Sinister in a plot involving the baby and Rogue’s killing touch. She also appears to be working with Gambit, who, like her, has plenty of ulterior motives to want to betray Mister Sinister.

When Sinister approaches Mystique as she is with the comatose Rogue, Mystique shoves Sinister onto Rogue, killing him through fatal skin-to-skin contact. Then, in keeping with the words of the Destiny Diaries, she touches the baby’s face to Rogue’s, believing that this will heal her foster daughter. While the baby is not affected by Rogue’s power, to Mystique’s surprise, Rogue does not awaken as the Destiny Diaries predicted. Believing their plan to have failed, Mystique and Gambit cry at Rogue’s bedside.

As they grieve, Rogue finally awakens. After hearing all that Mystique has done, and sick of her manipulations, Rogue says she’s tired of people getting hurt whenever Mystique is around, and tries to kill her with her touch. When Mystique is merely rendered unconscious, Rogue discovers that the baby’s powers have restored her own to normal.

The baby’s touch has purged her of the Strain 88 virus and all the residual psyches she had absorbed over her life, including Hecatomb. However, she now has the consciousness and the memories of the one person she wants nothing more to do with: Mystique. Sickened by what she has absorbed, Rogue tells Gambit that she needs to be alone, and leaves.

Get Mystique

Mystique is the focus of the next Wolverine story arc, appropriately titled “Get Mystique.”[52] The story begins with a brief flashback revealing that Logan and Mystique first met in Mexico in 1921. Back in the present day, Wolverine is in the Middle East tracking Mystique, presumably to kill her for betraying the X-Men in Messiah Complex.

Mystique evades Logan by blowing up a Mosque in Tehran, then travels over the border to Afghanistan. There she impersonates Wolverine and kills a local village girl, tricking the villagers into going after Wolverine.

Mystique does not appear to be suffering from any lasting effects from being touched by Rogue. It is hinted at that Mystique’s recent betrayal is not the only reason Logan is out to kill her, as they apparently have a common history of friendship, love, and ultimately, betrayal.After a heated fight, Wolverine manages to wound Mystique, but he chooses to deny her the mercy blow. Instead, he drops a gun and leaves in the sunset, leaving Mystique to scream and curse behind him.

Manifest Destiny

Mystique shows up again, posing as Bobby Drake’s ex-girlfriend Opal Tanaka. It is not explained how she survived her battle with Wolverine. She sets off a bomb inside of Bobby’s Blackbird before shooting him and kicking him out of the plane. Later, she follows Iceman to the hospital and injects him with a fatal dose of a toxin created by Mister Sinister. Hospital staff try to get to Iceman, but they are held back by Mystique while Iceman expels the toxin from his system. Afterward, Mystique attacks Iceman in a truck and sets the truck ablaze with Iceman in it.

Iceman steps out of the fire unharmed and disarms and immobilizes Mystique, but she escapes moments later after turning her body into her child form. In the final issue of Manifest Destiny, Mystique impersonates Iceman and stands on top of the Golden Gate bridge threatening to blow it up. Iceman arrives and discovers the reason for Mystique doing this is Wolverine telling her that she will die alone. After a heated conversation, Iceman freezes the bomb, Mystique punches him and jumps off the bridge into the water. Her body is not found, but Iceman tells Cyclops and Hank McCoy that he knows that she is not dead and thanks her for what she did for him.[57]

Utopia and Dark X-Men

Mystique is later revealed to be a part of Norman Osborn‘s Dark X-Men, posing as Professor Charles Xavier for P.R. purposes. Osborn has her injected with nanites and kept on a short leash; should she try anything, Osborn would turn her into a human bomb. After the defection of Emma Frost, Namor, and Cloak and Dagger, Mystique begins leading the remaining members of the team (Mimic, Dark Beast, and Omega) under the public guise of Jean Grey, as no one could prove Jean had actually died, but mainly to hurt those who had caused her great harm.[59] A mission arranged by Osborn has Mystique (in her Jean Grey guise) facing a resurrected Nate Grey.

Wolverine, having returned from hell and retrieved his possessed body from a demonic force, targets Mystique after finding out she was responsible for sending his soul there at the behest of The Red Right Hand. Having tracked down Mystique’s black market surgeon in San Francisco, Wolverine interrogates him about Mystique’s whereabouts, to which he replies that Mystique was expecting him to show up and didn’t think Wolverine would be inclined to listen. The surgeon states that he doesn’t know where Mystique is, but that she claimed she was going to call him.

On cue, the phone beside Wolverine begins to ring. When he picks up the phone, Mystique orders him to not go after The Red Right Hand, warning that he is being set up. Wolverine cuts the conversation short and says that Mystique has set him up for the last time before briskly hanging up.[volume & issue needed]

Mystique is then shot by a hit-man named Lord Deathstrike. Despite being shot, and badly wounded, Mystique manages to patch herself and escape on a motorcycle before Lord Deathstrike can finish the task. Wolverine & Lord Deathstrike are in hot pursuit of Mystique throughout the San Francisco streets simultaneously.

As she is involved in a shootout with Lord Deathstrike, Mystique is impaled from behind by Wolverine who demands she tell him where he can find The Red Right Hand. Mystique pulls the pin out of a grenade, places it on Wolverine and moves out of the way just before it explodes then further warns him of the Red Right Hand’s setup in Mexico as he heals from the blast.[volume & issue needed]

Lord Deathstrike shoots Mystique in her right shoulder as they continue to face off while Wolverine heals. Yet, before Deathstrike can finish her off, Wolverine cuts the telephone pole that Lord Deathstrike was standing on which sends him crashing into a windshield of an automobile. Wolverine then gets a call from his ally Maverick stating The Red Right Hand can be found in Mexico. Mystique, riddled with bullets, shoots Lord Deathstrike in the head but it doesn’t affect him as he is in a ghost-like, non-corporeal state and phases into the solid ground beneath them.[volume & issue needed]

Mystique then confronts Wolverine and claims that her role in his recent exile to hell was something she doesn’t regret. She then continues to disparage him, stating that his own pursuit of her for her crimes is hypocritical seeing as how he’s killed and betrayed many in his years. She claims the only reason she is helping him is in honor of her deceased son Nightcrawler and his devotion to Wolverine, nothing else. Mystique insists that he for once listen to what she has to say but he states that he’s heard enough and walks toward her with his claws popped. Perturbed, Mystique draws a pistol and curses him out then is quickly gutted by Wolverine and finally killed, her body lying in a pool of blood.[volume & issue needed]

Lord Deathstrike collects Mystique’s body and auctions it off to the highest bidder. Her corpse is sold for 5 million to group of ninjas. It is implied these are possibly agents of league of assassins known as “The Hand” given their reputation for restoring fallen warriors. They are not in the traditional red garb but “The Hand” has on occasion been shown to wear black or white uniforms.[61]

Back In Japan

Mystique is seen alive again posing as Sabretooth at Los Angeles International Airport. In the form of Sabretooth she has agreed to assist the Hellfire Club in their destruction of the Jean Grey School, presumably as a way of getting revenge on Wolverine as he is the schools headmaster. It is revealed that when the Hand revived Mystique, her powers were enhanced and she is now capable of changing her scent to match the forms she takes.

Powers and abilities

Mystique is a mutant shapeshifter with the ability to psionically shift the formation of her biological cells at will to change her appearance and thereby assume the form of other humans. She can also alter her voice to duplicate exactly that of another person. Originally, it was clearly stated that Mystique’s powers were limited to appearances only; she could not assume the powers of the people she morphed into or alter her body to adapt to different situations. Additionally she could not change her overall body mass when taking on the appearance of a person larger or smaller, but thanks to subsequent enhancements she has stated that her body mass is not fixed and can change when she does.[64]

Her body is not limited to purely organic appearances: She has the ability to create the appearance of clothes and other materials out of her own body, including items such as glasses, zippers, identity cards, handbags and even test tubes. Mystique is shown in at least one instance transforming a metallic part of her costume into a functioning blaster pistol.[volume & issue needed] Whether this is a function of her powers or of the costume piece itself is unclear.

As a shape-shifter, Mystique is able to constantly alter and rejuvenate her body’s cells and thereby retain her youthful appearance despite being alive for over one hundred years.

This changes in 2001′s X-Men Forever miniseries, in which Mystique is exposed to dangerous levels of radiation in order to save the life of Toad. The process morphs Mystique’s appearance to match her more reptilian physique from the 2000s film trilogy, and boosts her powers so that she can now morph her body into taking certain desired physical traits depending on her situation at the time. Examples of this new ability include night vision, wings on her back, talons in her fingers, and natural body armor. She can even compress nearly two-dimensional like a sheet of paper to glide on air currents, similar to Mister Fantastic, which she uses to survive an explosion. She has moved her vital organs out of place in order to survive gunshots to her torso and head.

She has, once with strain, given herself two heads and four arms to facilitate a gun fight on two fronts, as well as shapeshifted into herself as a small child.She is also now able to hold a shape when knocked unconscious and can conceal items in shapeshifted pouches under her skin.

Following her death and revival by the Hand, her powers have been further enhanced.

Damage to her biological tissue is known to heal at a relatively fast rate and she can form a resistance to poisons upon contracting them. While she retains her advanced powers, she now appears in her old form without scales. Her powers grant her immunity to diseases, enhanced agility, and agelessness.[2]

Mystique is a cunning strategist in terrorist and commando operations, and adept at martial arts and information technology. She has a talent for finding, stealing, and understanding cutting edge weaponry. She is a talented actress. She has some natural resistance to telepathic intrusion and wears devices to prevent her mind from being read by telepathy. Furthermore, with over a century’s experience in posing as other people she has picked up the uncanny skill of being able to identify people posing as others based on body language and changes in behavioral cues.

Other versions

Absorbed by Rogue

A copy of Mystique’s mind, including her memories and personality, exists within the mind of Rogue ever since the events of “X-Men: Messiah Complex“. She converses with Rogue. She also requests that Rogue turn over control of their body. Eventually she is erased by Professor Xavier.

Age of Apocalypse

In the Age of Apocalypse timeline, she gave up her adopted daughter Rogue to Magneto and his X-Men. Years later, Mystique is the ferrywoman to Avalon. It is her task to meet the refugees and make sure they meet the guide to Avalon, Cain. Though she works against Apocalypse, she is not much of a hero. She charges a heavy tariff to ferry the refugees to Avalon, taking all of their valuables.

This plagues her conscience and she is reluctant to go to Avalon, as she feels that she is not fit to enter. Ultimately, she gets past her guilt to guide her son, Nightcrawler, to Avalon and find Destiny. She and her son form X-Calibre to defeat Apocalypse‘s agents, the Pale Riders and the Shadow King.[volume & issue needed]

Cable’s Future

Mystique inquires of Cable “How does [history] judge the part we play here and now in protecting the remnants of mutant-kind?” He says “History is short on specifics” and that it only remembers broad movements, not individuals. She hints at wanting to know how she is remembered, and he comments that her name did survive in a database of his time. Her name is synonymous with traitor, comparing her name to Judas Iscariot. However, he does add that the information from his time is part of his history, as it was 2,000 years old.


In the Earth-797 reality, Mystique is apparently a man and goes by the name of Raphael-Raven Darkholme (and his alias is Mystiq). Much like the main Mystique, he has a relationship with Destiny but due to his gender has a child with her (Claremont’s original plan for Nightcrawler’s origin). They are both killed in unknown circumstances and Raphael often goes to their grave sites. On such an occasion, he is about to be attacked by soldiers when the Exiles’ Sabretooth, who had been stranded on this Earth, saves his life. Saying he is in his debt, he joins the Exiles when they come to pick up their teammate.[volume & issue needed]

House of M

In the House of M, Mystique is an agent of S.H.I.E.L.D. and a member of its elite unit, the Red Guard, alongside Jessica Drew, Toad, and her children Rogue and Nightcrawler. She’s also involved in an affair with Wolverine, the Red Guard’s leader. When this unit, in pursuit of their former leader, attacks the heroes ‘awakened’ by Layla Miller, the entire squad is restored. With all of reality against them, any personal history is set aside, and Mystique fights alongside the rest of the ‘awakened’ without incident.                      

Marvel Mangaverse

In X-Men Mangaverse, Mystique teams up with Nightcrawler and other Brotherhood members. Storm later kills her with a lightning bolt.[volume & issue needed]

Marvel Zombies

Mystique appears as a zombie twice in the Marvel Zombies universe. She is first shown disguised as Scarlet Witch, in order to get close to and bite Quicksilver, thus becoming directly responsible for the fast spread of the zombie virus throughout the world. She is also shown fighting alongside zombie versions of Avalanche, Blob, and Pyro taking a direct blast from Cyclops right to the face.[volume & issue needed]

Ultimate Mystique

In the Ultimate Marvel Universe, Mystique is the former lover of Charles Xavier. However, during their stay in the Savage Land with Magneto, the young Emma Frost comes under the tutelage of Xavier, and shortly thereafter he dumps Mystique for Frost.[70] Ever since then, Mystique has held great resentment toward Xavier, which in turn makes her loyal to Magneto.[71] She teams up with Forge and helps Magneto escape the Triskelion by taking his place in the prison cell,[72] before she is replaced by Mastermind and Stacy X and given a new assignment.

She is hinted to be one of the few who actually knows how Xavier’s darker side operates, stating “We all bought into Xavier’s dream until we got a look at the sick brain behind it.” It is later revealed that Emma Frost named Xavier’s cat after Mystique, after the feline partially destroyed the decor of his office. She briefly appears in Ultimates 3, impersonating the Black Widow to distract Tony Stark until knocked out by the Wasp. She is later seen with the few surviving Brotherhood members still stationed in Wundagore.

X-Men: The End

In the trilogy book series X-Men: The End Mystique is posing as Dark Beast and pretending to work with Mister Sinister. When Sinister murders Rogue she kills him. Gambit later asks her to look after his and Rogue’s children when he goes off into space.[77]

X-Men Fairy Tales

Mystique appears briefly in the X-Men Fairy Tales limited series’ first issue. She is leading a group of thieves who attack the old monk/Professor X. They are scared away by Hitome/Cyclops. The other thieves are Avalanche and Pyro. In the fourth issue, she appears as Anna/Rogue‘s mother, a voodoo priestess.

Villain , ,

Hippolyta Queen of the Amazons (Mother of Wonder Woman)

Queen Hippolyta is a fictional character and DC Comics superhero, based on Hippolyta, queen of the Amazons in Greek mythology. She is also the mother of Wonder Woman and Donna Troy.

The character Hippolyta (then spelled “Hippolyte,” although the spelling changed to “Hippolyta” during the 1960s) first appeared in All Star Comics #8 (1941), the same comic book that introduced her daughter, Wonder Woman. This original version of the character possessed black hair.

According to this story, Hippolyte and the Amazons once resided in “Amazonia” in the days of ancient Greece, until they were beguiled and bested by the demi-god Hercules, who had been sent after her by the Wargod Ares, now named Mars. She was able to beat him using the girdle, but he seduced her, and tricked her into allowing him to see the girdle, allowing him to steal it. This caused them to lose the favor of their patron goddess, Aphrodite.

Eventually she and the other Amazons were forgiven, but had to wear bracelets to remind them of the chains which once bound them. To regain their status, the Amazons were forced to leave the mortal world and relocate to Paradise Island.

There they established their own society, free from the evils of man’s world. So long as they remained there and Hippolyte retained possession of her magic girdle, the Amazons would be immortal. Much of this history was adapted and expanded upon in the modern version of the Wonder Woman comics.

For the most part, Hippolyte remained on Paradise Island during the Golden Age era, rarely interacting with the modern world to which her daughter had journeyed. Her role was that of the Amazon Queen and mentor to Wonder Woman. She was devoted to the Olympian goddesses, particularly the Amazons’ patron Aphrodite, and was adamant that man never be allowed to set foot on Paradise Island.

Although she remained mainly on the island, in one memorable story from Sensation Comics #26 (reprinted in Wonder Woman: The Complete History), Hippolyte travels to Man’s World and briefly assumes the role of Wonder Woman.[1] In the first appearance of Villany inc she is kidnapped to lure Wonder Woman into a trap.

In the 1960s when DC Comics introduced the concept of the Multiverse, this Hippolyte was established as existing on the world known as Earth-2. This incarnation of Hippolyte was phased out around issue #97 of the original Wonder Woman comic when the focus shifted from Earth-2 to the more modern versions of the characters on Earth-1.

The Silver Age Hippolyte continued thereafter and had blonde hair. Her history was largely identical to the Golden Age version, though a few significant Silver Age stories diverge from the original. For example, it was established that Hippolyta had crafted a second daughter from clay, a dark-skinned Amazon named Nubia who was to be Wonder Woman’s twin sister before she was spirited away by the god Mars.

She was also the adoptive mother of Donna Troy, who had been rescued from a fire and brought to Paradise Island. As before, Hippolyta’s role in the Silver Age era was primarily that of Paradise Island’s queen and mentor to Wonder Woman. She was frequently shown interacting with her daughter as well as supporting characters of the era such as Wonder Girl and Wonder Tot. According to the DC Comics 1976 calendar, Hippolyta was born on January 8.

Hippolyta was also instrumental in several of the continuity shake-ups for the Earth-One Wonder Woman. Enraged that her daughter, recovering from amnesia, had submitted to trials by the Justice League to prove her worth to rejoin, she created her own test which involved resurrecting Steve Trevor to lead an assault on Paradise Island.

The goddess Aphrodite granted Diana’s wish to allow the resurrected Trevor to continue living (although he was later revealed to be Eros animating Trevor’s body). After Trevor had again been killed and a grief-stricken Diana returned home, Hippolyta erased Diana’s memories of him; when a Trevor from a parallel universe burst through the barriers between worlds and crashed off Paradise Island, Hippolyta asked Aphrodite to alter the memories of the entire world to allow the new Trevor to embark upon a life on Earth-One.

The Hippolytas of both universes used a Magic Sphere, which could peer into the past and future.

In 1985, the Crisis on Infinite Earths miniseries revised DC Comics history and combined the multiple Earths into one world. The modern version of Hippolyta would combine elements of her earlier incarnations and take on greater importance in the series.


Hippolyta’s origins underwent a revision after writer George Pérez‘s revamp of Wonder Woman in 1987. In current continuity, Hippolyta and the rest of the Themyscirian Amazons were first created by a select few of the Olympian gods, which included Artemis, Athena, Hestia, Demeter and Aphrodite. They took the souls of women slain throughout time by the hands of men and sent them to the bottom of the Aegean Sea. Hippolyta was slain 32000 years ago while carrying a child.

The souls then began to form bodies with the clay on the sea bed. Once they reached the surface the clay bodies became living flesh and blood Amazons. The first one to break surface was Hippolyta and thus she was titled as Queen of the new race; in this version Hippolyta stood 5’9″, weighed approximately 130 lbs, had curly black hair and more or less looked like the spitting image of her future daughter.

The second Amazon to break surface was her sister Antiope and she ruled as a second to Hippolyta in all affairs. Each of the goddesses that created the Amazons blessed them with personalized gifts: hunting skills (Artemis’), wisdom (Athena’s), warm homes (Hestia’s), plentiful harvests (Demeter’s), and beauty inside and out (Aphrodite’s). As a symbol of their leadership titles, the gods gave Hippolyta and Antiope each a Golden Girdle of Gaea which enhanced their strength and abilities significantly. The Amazons eventually founded the city of Themyscira in Anatolia and became known as fierce warriors of peace in Turkey, Greece and Rome.

The jealous and vengeful god Ares soon after tried to discredit their name by having his half-brother demi-god Heracles invade the Amazons and demean their standing by stealing their Golden Girdles of Gaea. When Heracles first approached the Amazons seeking battle, Hippolyta met him outside the city gates and tried to reason with him for peaceful negotiations.

When this did not work Heracles attacked the Amazon Queen using his strength to his advantage. Hippolyta easily turned the tables on him by using her wisdom and battle skills to subdue him. Still wishing peace, Hippolyta invited Heracles and his men into their city to celebrate a potential friendship with a feast. Hiding his anger, Heracles accepted the invitation.

Once in their stronghold, Heracles and his men drugged the wine the Amazons were drinking and took them prisoner. After the theft of Hippolyta’s Golden Girdle and abuse and rape of the Amazons, Hippolyta cried out to Athena to help them escape their bonds.

Athena said that she would only aid them on the condition that the Amazons not seek retribution against Heracles and his men as that would be beneath the ideals the Amazons were created to stand for. Hippolyta hastily agreed and the Amazon’s bonds were broken and the drugs given wore off. Once out of their drugged state the Amazons were filled with hate and revenge. Breaking Hippolyta’s oath to Athena, the Amazons began slaughtering their captors but were upset to find that Heracles and his general Theseus had returned to their homelands.

After the slaughter Athena reprimanded the Amazons for disobeying her orders. She demanded the Amazons serve penance for their actions. Though Hippolyta agreed to the goddess’ wishes, her sister Antiope scoffed at Athena for being angered at them for killing their rapist captors. Antiope then denounced all ties to the Olympian gods and said goodbye to her sister Hippolyta, giving Hippolyta her Golden Girdle of Gaea to replace the one stolen by Heracles. She left for Greece, along with half of the Amazon Nation who supported Antiope in her new quest to battle Heracles and Theseus out of vengeance and to replace Antiope’s girdle with Hippolyta’s. Antiope’s tribe later became the Amazons of Bana-Mighdall.

Godly penance

Hippolyta and her remaining faithful Amazons then went to the sea shore where the Olympian Gods told them their punishment for going against their ideals. They were to be given immortality so that they would forever safeguard a doorway to the underworld called Doom’s Doorway. Not only must they prevent anyone from entering, but they must also vanquish any evils that try to escape. The doorway was on a far-off isolated island and it would take some time to get there.

To guide their way, the god Poseidon cleared a pathway for them across the seas. Once they arrived at the island the Amazons created a new city and named their new home Themyscira, after their previous fallen city. Hippolyta then held a contest of trials to determine which Amazon was the most skilled among her people.

The victor, Nu’Bia, was then sent into Doom’s Doorway to better safeguard the entryway from within the Underworld while the remaining Amazons protected the entrance in the mortal world. The Amazons continued to live on the island guarding Doom’s Doorway, and paying homage to their gods, for three-thousand years.

Diana’s Birth

It was into this period of living on the island for millennia that Hippolyta began to ache for a child of her own. She prayed to her gods her secret wish and they responded. She was told to go to the sea shore and form the figure of a baby with the island’s clay, which she did. The original goddesses again united to create a new Amazon for Queen Hippolyta. It was revealed that in her previous life Hippolyta was a pregnant cavewoman who was killed by her mate, thus her longing was for the child she had been denied.

The goddesses used the soul of this unborn child to fall into the clay body of the infant and, just as with the previous Amazons, the clay was changed into flesh and blood. Hippolyta named the child Diana, after a stranger who was washed ashore on the island and helped the Amazons defeat a creature escaping Doom’s Doorway with her life.

This Diana was later revealed to be the mother to Steve Trevor. When she reached adulthood, Princess Diana became the hero Wonder Woman. To aid her in her mission, the Olympian gods transformed the Golden Girdle of Gaea that Antiope gave to Hippolyta into the Lasso of Truth.

The Amazon Queen raised Diana on the island as the princess of the Amazon Nation. Her love of Diana at times though proved to take precedence over the welfare of her people. For example, when the god Zeus intended to rape Diana (after she had become Wonder Woman) as a “reward” for thwarting Ares’s plot, an enraged Hippolyta was willing to put the entire island in peril by confronting the god outright in order to protect Diana.

Later still when Diana was told that she was to enter Doom’s Doorway alone in order to answer a challenge by her gods, Hippolyta again placed the island in peril by disobeying the gods and entering Doom’s Doorway to save her daughter. Though her motherly love was proven in these instances and more, it also showed that she was beginning to lose interest in the rule of her people.

Return of Heracles

During Diana’s Challenge of the Gods storyline, she discovered that Heracles was transformed into a colossal stone pilar within Doom’s Doorway, and was supporting Themyscira’s weight for several millennia. In this stone state he was tormented and scarred by various mythological creatures, feeling the pain inflicted by them but not being able to do anything about it.

This was the punishment given to him by his Olympian family for his past transgressions. Gaining his original form back, he begged the Amazons for forgiveness. Though some of the Amazons still harbored hatred for their past rapes and humiliation, most of them were moved by Heracles’ newfound humility, and Queen Hippolyta asked her people to search their hearts for the strength to forgive, which they eventually did. Doing so herself, Hippolyta not only forgave Heracles, but shared a brief romance with him before he left the mortal realm to return to his father in Olympus.

Return to the outside world

After Diana’s completion of her challenge, the Amazons were released from their punishment by the Olympian gods. They were free to live out their lives any way and where they saw fit while retaining their immortality as a blessing from the gods for their faithful devotion. To celebrate, Hippolyta declared that Themyscira would finally create exchange with outside countries.

Unfortunately their interaction with the United Nations was met with mixed impressions. Some saw the Amazons as lowly savages, unworthy of U.N. entry. Others still saw Hippolyta and her people as beacons of hope. Diana became Themyscira’s ambassador, relaying all of Hippolyta’s wishes to the U.N.

Alas, as Wonder Woman Diana made a powerful enemy in the witch Circe.One attack made by Circe to Diana was the brainwashing of Queen Hippolyta in becoming the Shim’Tar, or chief warrior, of the Amazons of Bana-Mighdall. In this persona Hippolyta mindlessly attacked her own daughter at the whim of Circe.

This tarnished the outside world’s view of the newly discovered nation somewhat. The magic used on Hippolyta eventually wore off but Hippolyta never forgave Circe for the mental rape given, nor the Amazons of Bana-Mighdall for aiding Circe in her plot to kill her daughter.

Due to this event Circe considered all Amazons to be her enemy and made a new plan for revenge. In time she teleported the Amazons of Bana-Mighdall to Themyscira on the pretense that they were to take the island as their own. While the two tribes fought, Circe teleported the island to a dimension of demons.

There the two tribes of Amazons were forced to put aside their rivalry temporarily in order to stave off the demons who sought to destroy the entire Amazon race. The Amazons were eventually successful but they remained in the demon dimension until Diana discovered what had happened and forced Circe to return the island back to its rightful dimension.

After this was done they found out that although their time in the demon dimension lasted several years, the time passed in their normal dimension was only a few months.

In this time the Themyscirian and Bana-Mighdallian Amazons made an uneasy truce. The Themyscirians would live in the city while the Bana-Mighdallians would form their own settlement on the opposite side of the island. In Hippolyta’s mind she still served as Queen over all Amazons on the island, but the Bana-Mighdallian Amazons did not see it as such and tensions between the two tribes remained.[14]

Motherly deception

Because the demon dimension they were in was magic based, Hippolyta began to receive dreams and visions of the future. In one such dream she foresaw Wonder Woman’s death. Fearful for her daughter’s welfare, she put into motion a plan to remove Diana from her role as Wonder Woman and replace the title of Themyscira’s Champion to another Amazon.

Thus a new Contest for the title was made though she kept her true reasons for calling the new Contest to herself alone. Initially Hippolyta thought the Amazons of Bana-Mighdall were not worthy to enter the Contest but once Diana, angered at her mother’s treatment of the new Amazons, called a vote on the whole to see if her people also agreed that they should be allowed to participate.

The answer was yes. Suddenly inspired, Hippolyta noticed that the Bana-Mighdallian’s most likely warrior to win was the Amazon Artemis. Hippolyta then in secret went to the Themyscirian Amazon mystic Magala. She had Magala transfer half of Diana’s gods-given powers over to Artemis in order for Artemis’ victory to be better equipped.

Hippolyta also provided many additional obstacles for Diana to encounter during her Contest trials in order for her to become sidetracked from the goal of winning. Due to her actions, Artemis became the Contest’s winner and the new champion Wonder Woman.

Later when Diana began to receive visions of the past she confronted her mother on why she really called for a new Contest. When Hippolyta told her she and Diana’s relationship became scarred as Diana never truly forgave her mother for knowingly sending another Amazon to her death.

After Artemis was killed in battle the title of Wonder Woman was returned to Diana. This sent Hippolyta into a deep depression as she realized she was the cause of an innocent’s death. Hippolyta gave command to the Amazon General Philippus and went into self-imposed banishment.

Hippolyta boarded a small boat and let it cast adrift. She eventually landed in Louisiana where she met a psychic named Angela. After becoming friends with Angela and her family, Angela informed Hippolyta that her daughter was in serious danger. Rushing to her aid, Hippolyta arrived too late to save Diana from the demon Neron, as Diana was still suffering from the spell that had reduced her strength. Thus, Hippolyta’s vision of her daughter dying as Wonder Woman came true.

Diana, after her death, was granted divinity as the Goddess of Truth by her gods for such faithful devotion. During her brief time as a god of Olympus, Diana was replaced in the role of Wonder Woman by her mother.[24] As opposed to Diana receiving the title in honor, Hippolyta’s role as Wonder Woman was meant to be a punishment for her betrayal in Artemis’ death as well as for unintentionally killing her own daughter. However, Hippolyta eventually grew to enjoy the freedom and adventure the title came with. Whereas Diana used the Lasso of Truth as her primary weapon, Hippolyta favored a broad sword.

John Byrne, the writer that introduced the concept of Hippolyta as the first Wonder Woman, has explained his intentions in a post in his message board:

I thought George’s one “mistake” in rebooting Wonder Woman was making her only 25 years old when she left Paradise Island. I preferred the idea of a Diana who was thousands of years old (as, if I recall correctly, she was in the TV series). From that angle, I would have liked to have seen Diana having been Wonder Woman in WW2, and be returning to our world in the reboot.

Not having that option, I took the next best course, and had Hippolyta fill that role.

As Wonder Woman, Queen Hippolyta immediately got involved in a time travel mission back to the 1940s with Jay Garrick. After this mission, she elected to join the Justice Society of America and remained in that era for eight years, where her teammates nicknamed her “Polly”. During that time she had a relationship with Ted Grant. Hippolyta also made visits into the past to see her godchild Lyta, daughter of Hippolyta’s protege Helena, the Golden Age Fury.[volume & issue needed] These visits happened yearly from young Lyta’s perspective and also accounted for Hippolyta’s participation in the JSA/JLA team ups. When she returned from the past, Hippolyta took Diana’s place in the JLA as well.

Eventually Diana gave up her godhood and returned to her role as Wonder Woman. Still clinging to her newfound sense of freedom, Hippolyta did not wish to relinquish her title as Wonder Woman (even though she admitted her daughter looked “better in a bathing suit” than she did), leaving two different Wonder Women acting in the same role at the same time.

Diana was often unhappy with Hippolyta’s continued role as Wonder Woman as she felt Hippolyta was ignoring her true duties as ruler of Themyscira, thus further inciting the antagonism between mother and daughter.

Around this time Hippolyta discovered that the hero Donna Troy was actually a mirror image of her daughter Diana, brought to life through Themyscirian sorceries. Though Hippolyta had met Donna on previous adventures, when the two women met again after learning this fact, Hippolyta accepted Donna as a second daughter and held a coronation on the island, proclaiming Donna to be the second Amazon princess and an heir to the Themyscirian throne.[33]

On one visit to the island, Diana discovered that the two tribes of Amazons were on the verge of a civil war due to unresolved issues and mysterious acts of sabotage made on the Bana-Mighdallian’s construction of their city. When both Diana and Donna confronted Hippolyta about her inaction of rule at such a dangerous time, Hippolyta became very upset with her two daughters and told them that she intended to continue her role as Wonder Woman in the outside world and that Diana and Donna were to rule the island in her absence.

Unfortunately the civil war took place after all and many Amazons on both sides were killed. Returning to the island, Hippolyta and Diana agreed to denounce their royal titles in order for both Amazon tribes to have an opportunity for peace, having both tribes gain equal footing in united rule.


Hippolyta continued to establish a distinguished career as Wonder Woman. The Queen enjoyed her role in the Justice Society and became accustomed to life in the United States. Mother and daughter fought on several occasions over Hippolyta’s past expected roles — hero or queen — and their differences were unresolved when the queen sacrificed herself to save the Earth from Imperiex during the Imperiex War featured in Our Worlds at War.

Ironically Hippolyta died at the birthplace of the Amazons, near the Aegean Sea in Greece. However she was allowed to see her daughter one last time and say goodbye. She, the spirit of her sister Antiope, and Steve Trevor‘s mother Diana Rockwell Trevor became ghostly guardians of the island watching over both tribes as their distant and former queens.

One Year Later

As part of the Amazons Attack storyline, the witch Circe revived Hippolyta and showed her that the U.S. government illegally kidnapped her daughter Diana.She was being tortured until she gave over the plans on how the U.S. government could create their own Purple Ray to be used as a weapon.

Angered over this, Hippolyta resumed leadership of the Amazons and had them attack the city of Washington, D.C. in the hopes of rescuing Diana and serving their own form of justice against the world for their actions. They are shown using winged steeds, and other mythical creatures. During battle Hippolyta discovered that Circe had secretly planned to detonate a nuclear weapon on Themyscira and gained her revenge on the traitor by impaling the sorceress with a battle spear through the chest.

Wonder Woman has an opportunity to kill her mother but does not take it, instead giving the knife to Hippolyta, who will not kill her daughter. Despite the fact that Circe is supposedly dead, Hippolyta seems fully intent on continuing her assault on the United States, even issuing an attack on other locations, including Kansas.

Her more chaotic and malicious actions start to concern her Amazon generals. It is later learned that Circe used a portion of her own soul to revive Hippolyta from death. Because of this Hippolyta’s persona was tainted by the witch’s evil and thus Hippolyta is now a more blood-thirsty being than before.

At the conclusion of the war all of the Amazons are given false identities and scattered throughout the world.Hippolyta is spared but is banished to live alone on Themyscira, by what appears to be Athena but is later revealed to be the villainous Granny Goodness, who along with the other New Gods of Apokolips have imprisoned the Greek deities.

In Countdown to Final Crisis, Hippolyta lives in hiding from Granny Goodness and her new brand of Amazons, human recruits being trained as a new generation of her Female Furies. With the help of island castaways Holly Robinson (briefly known as Catwoman), Harley Quinn and a powerless Mary Marvel, Hippolyta is able to drive Granny out of Thermiscyra and back to Apokolips.

After the Greek Gods are freed by Mary, Granny is murdered by the mysterious Godkiller, leaving Hippolyta once more as the Queen of Themyscira.

The Circle

During her isolation Hippolyta travels to the four corners of Themyscira, speaking to an Amazon prisoner at each point, asking them if they repent, to which each prisoner replies, “Never”. However, the fourth and last prisoner, whom Hippolyta identifies as Alkyone, presents her with a wooden tiara with the words “Our Queen” across it similar to the one she and Diana both wore as Wonder Woman.

Alkyone tells Hippolyta since she denied her the use of any blades, she gnawed in the inscription with her teeth. She goes on to accuse Hippolyta of betrayal for birthing “The Dragon”, which clearly is a reference to Diana. Alkyone begs her to kill Diana and let them be a tribe again, but Hippolyta adamantly refuses. Alkyone then tells Hippolyta to tell Diana the truth, but again Hippolyta refuses and breaks the wooden tiara in half. As she leaves, Alkyone vows to save Hippolyta and make them a tribe again by killing Diana.

Alkyone’s past reveals her to have been a member of Hippolyta’s Royal Guard along with three other Amazons—Myrto, Charis and Philomela, charged with her personal protection.[42] They were viewed as too brutal-minded and overzealous by General Philippus, captain of the General Amazon Guard, a viewpoint that was later proven when Alkyone learned that Hippolyta desired a child.

This came to a head when Alkyone learned from the Amazon sorceress, Magala that another Amazon named Gennes had supposedly given birth to a daughter. But it turned out the baby was nothing more than a clay doll carved in the image of a child. Concluding Gennes had gone mad, Alkyone ordered that no such dolls were ever to be crafted on Themyscira again.

After that, she ordered Gennes to be killed. In the present day, the army of Captain Nazi lands on Themyscira, intending to claim it for themselves. Alerted to their arrival, Hippolyta cuts her hair and readies herself for battle and vows to redeem herself for all the mistakes she has made since her resurrection. Elsewhere on the island, Alkyone offers her help and the rest of the former Royal Guard to the soldiers in hunting down Hippolyta in exchange for their release.

Wonder Woman – The Movie

In Wonder Woman issues 24 and 25, there is a movie being made about Diana. In the beginning of issue 24, Diana brings Thomas Andrew Tresser home to meet her mother, Queen Hippolyta. Hippolyta takes Tresser and leaves Diana alone on the beach. This is her opportunity to get to know the man her daughter has become interested in.

The getting to know him phase includes taking Tom to the Royal Menagerie to hand feed Griffins of Myth. While there Hippolyta asks rather directly if he and Diana have made love yet. Flustered he is able to honestly answer that they haven’t. She asks Tom, “Will you protect her, keep her from harm, if you are able?” He replies, “Yes. That I can promise.

Although it usually goes the other way ’round, to be blunt.” Before he leaves she gives him a spear she has made, grants him the title Sir Thomas of Cleveland, and makes him a guardsman of Themescira. As Diana and Tom prepare to leave she requests one thing of her new guardsman, babies. As many as he and Diana can create as quickly as they can create them. As they leave the island Alkyone is seen watching them from shore as they float away on a giant shell.

Following the events of Wonder Woman #600, the timeline is altered by the Greek Gods and Hippolyta’s history is radically changed once again. Here, Themyscira is invaded by a heavily armed paramilitary group while Diana is still a child, and the majority of the Amazons are wiped out in the ensuing battle.

Hippolyta is able to save Diana by entrusting her to several of her servants, who smuggle the child to the United States in the midst of the attack, but Hippolyta herself is ultimately captured by the enemy soldiers. After being bound and presented to the leader of the invaders, Hippolyta commits suicide by throwing herself into a massive fire being used to incinerate the dead Amazons, choosing to die rather than submit to her captors.

After Wonder Woman’s exile in the altered continuity is reversed, Hippolyta is briefly restored to her Modern Age origins,[45] greeting her daughter back and approving the changes she had done to her attitude and appearance during her ordeal.

The New 52 Relaunch

Following a new reset of the DCU continuity, Hippolyta receives another major change. Now looking like the Silver Age Hippolyta, youthful and blonde, she retains her edgy, warrior woman attitude. Furthermore, this incarnation of Hippolyta didn’t fashion Diana from clay: instead, she bore her daughter from a relationship with Zeus, concocting a lie to protect Diana from Hera’s rage.[46]

After the truth about Diana’s birth is revealed, Hera, the queen of the Greek gods, appear in Paradise Island to punish Hippolyta (not for having an affair with her husband, but for have been too weak to resist Zeus’s seduction). Hippolyta had predicted this, and asks Hera to take her life in exchange of letting Diana live. However, Hera change her mind in the last second, and instead of killing Hippolyta, turns her into stone and the rest of the Amazons, minus Diana, into snakes, thus destroying Wonder Woman’s home and her only family.[47]

Powers and abilities

Hippolyta has 3,000 years of combat experience, providing her expertise in both hand-to-hand combat as well as with hand-held weapons. As a Themyscirian Amazon she also possesses immortality that allows her to live indefinitely in a youthful form, but does leave her open to potential injury and death depending on her actions.

She also possesses enhanced strength and intelligence. As shown by fellow members of her tribe, she has the capability to break apart steel and concrete with her bare hands, jump over 12 feet from a standing position, has a high durability factor, enhanced healing, and the ability to absorb and process a vast amount of knowledge in a short period of time.

Hippolyta, also in addition to all the Themyscirian Amazons, possesses the ability to relieve her body of physical injury and toxins by becoming one with the Earth’s soil and then reforming her body whole again.

The first time Diana does this she prays to her god Gaea saying: “Gaea, I pray to you. Grant me your strength. You are the Earth who suckled me, who nurtured and bred me. Through you all life is renewed. The circle which never ends. I pray you, mother Gaea, take me into your bosom. Please, let me be worthy.” During writer John Byrne‘s time on the comic it was stated that this is a very sacred ritual to the Themyscirians, only to be used in the most dire of circumstances.

Other versions


In the alternate timeline of the Flashpoint event, Hippolyta encourages Aquaman of Atlantis to marry her daughter, Wonder Woman, after she had been poisoned by a Kraken. On the wedding day; however, Hippolyta was murdered by Artemis in disguise as an Atlantean, who in an act of betrayal, was working with Ocean Master. Diana was actually the target, but Hippolyta took the arrow. This leads to war between the Amazons and Atlanteans.



Super Heroes , , , ,

Amazons (General)

The Amazons (Greek: Ἀμαζόνες, Amazónes, singular Ἀμαζών, Amazōn) are a nation of all-female warriors in greek mythology and Classical antiquity. Herodotus placed them in a region bordering Scythia in Sarmatia (modern territory of Ukraine). Other historiographers place them in Asia Minor, or Libya.

Notable queens of the Amazons are Penthesilea, who participated in the Trojan War, and her sister Hippolyta, whose magical girdle, given to her by her father Ares, was the object of one of the labours of Hercules. Amazonian raiders were often depicted in battle with Greek warriors in amazonomachies in classical art.

The Amazons have become associated with many historical people throughout the Roman Empire period and Late Antiquity. In Roman historiography, there are various accounts of Amazon raids in Asia Minor. From the Early Modern period, their name has become a term for female warriors or female over-achievers in general.


The origin of the word is uncertain. It may be derived from an Iranian ethnonym *ha-mazan-, “warriors”, a word attested as a denominal verb (formed with the Indo-Iranian root kar- “make” also in kar-ma) in Hesychius of Alexandria‘s gloss ἁμαζακάραν· πολεμεῖν. Πέρσαι (“hamazakaran: ‘to make war’ (Persian)”).

Alternatively, a Greek derivation from *ṇ-mṇ-gw-jon-es “manless, without husbands” (a- privative and a derivation of *man- also found in Slavic muzh) has been proposed, an explanation deemed “unlikely” by Hjalmar Frisk. 19th century scholarship also connected the term to the ethnonym Amazigh. A further explanation proposes Iranian *ama-janah “virility-killing” as source.

Among Classical Greeks, amazon was given a popular etymology as from a-mazos, “without breast“, connected with an etiological tradition that Amazons had their right breast cut off or burnt out, so they would be able to throw their javelins;[7] there is no indication of such a practice in works of art, in which the Amazons are always represented with both breasts, although the left is frequently covered (see photos in article).

The myth

In some versions of the myth, no men were permitted to have sexual encounters or reside in Amazon country; but once a year, in order to prevent their race from dying out, they visited the Gargareans, a neighbouring tribe.

The male children who were the result of these visits were either killed, sent back to their fathers or exposed in the wilderness to fend for themselves; the girls were kept and brought up by their mothers, and trained in agricultural pursuits, hunting, and the art of war. In other versions when the Amazons went to war they would not kill all the men. Some they would take as slaves, and once or twice a year they would have sex with their slaves.

The intermarriage of Amazons and men from other tribes was also used to explain the origin of various people. For example, the story of the Amazons settling with the Scythians (Herodotus Histories 4.110.1-117.1).

In the Iliad, the Amazons were referred to as Antianeirai (“those who fight like men”).

The Amazons appear in Greek art of the Archaic period and in connection with several Greek legends. They invaded Lycia, but were defeated by Bellerophon, who was sent against them by Iobates, the king of that country, in the hope that he might meet his death at their hands.The tomb of Myrine is mentioned in the Iliad; later interpretation made of her an Amazon: according to Diodorus,Queen Myrine led her Amazons to victory against Libya and much of Gorgon.

They attacked the Phrygians, who were assisted by Priam, then a young man. In his later years, however, towards the end of the Trojan War, his old opponents took his side against the Greeks under their queen Penthesilea “of Thracian birth”, who was slain by Achilles.

One of the tasks imposed upon Heracles by Eurystheus was to obtain possession of the girdle of the Amazonian queen Hippolyta. He was accompanied by his friend Theseus, who carried off the princess Antiope, sister of Hippolyta, an incident which led to a retaliatory invasion of Attica, in which Antiope perished fighting by the side of Theseus. In some versions, however, Theseus marries Hippolyta and in others, he marries Antiope and she does not die; by this marriage with the Amazon Theseus had a son Hippolytus.

The battle between the Athenians and Amazons is often commemorated in an entire genre of art, amazonomachy, in marble bas-reliefs such as from the Parthenon or the sculptures of the Mausoleum of Halicarnassus.

The Amazons are also said to have undertaken an expedition against the island of Leuke, at the mouth of the Danube, where the ashes of Achilles had been deposited by Thetis. The ghost of the dead hero appeared and so terrified the horses, that they threw and trampled upon the invaders, who were forced to retire. Pompey is said to have found them in the army of Mithridates.

They are heard of in the time of Alexander, when some of the king’s biographers make mention of Amazon Queen Thalestris visiting him and becoming a mother by him (the story is known from the Alexander Romance). However, several other biographers of Alexander dispute the claim, including the highly regarded secondary source, Plutarch. In his writing he makes mention of a moment when Alexander’s secondary naval commander, Onesicritus, was reading the Amazon passage of his Alexander history to King Lysimachus of Thrace who was on the original expedition: the king smiled at him and said “And where was I, then?”

The Roman writer Virgil‘s characterization of the Volscian warrior maiden Camilla in the Aeneid borrows heavily from the myth of the Amazons.

JordanesGetica (c. 560), purporting to give the earliest history of the Goths, relates that the Goths’ ancestors, descendants of Magog, originally dwelt within Scythia, on the Sea of Azov between the Dnieper and Don Rivers. After a few centuries, following an incident where the Goths’ women successfully fended off a raid by a neighboring tribe, while the menfolk were off campaigning against Pharaoh Vesosis, the women formed their own army under Marpesia and crossed the Don, invading Asia. Her sister Lampedo remained in Europe to guard the homeland. They procreated with men once a year. These Amazons conquered Armenia, Syria, and all of Asia Minor, even reaching Ionia and Aeolia, holding this vast territory for 100 years. Jordanes also mentions that they fought with Hercules, and in the Trojan War, and that a smaller contingent of them endured in the Caucasus Mountains until the time of Alexander. He mentions by name the Queens Menalippe, Hippolyta, and Penthesilea.


There are several (conflicting) lists of names of Amazons.

Quintus Smyrnaeus[27] lists the attendant warriors of Penthesilea: “Clonie was there, Polemusa, Derinoe, Evandre, and Antandre, and Bremusa, Hippothoe, dark-eyed Harmothoe, Alcibie, Derimacheia, Antibrote, and Thermodosa glorying with the spear.”

Diodorus Siculus[28] enlists nine Amazons who challenged Heracles to single combat during his quest for Hippolyta’s girdle and died against him one by one: Aella, Philippis, Prothoe, Eriboea, Celaeno, Eurybia, Phoebe, Deianeira, Asteria, Marpe, Tecmessa, Alcippe. After Alcippe’s death, a group attack followed.

Another list of Amazons’ names is found in HyginusFabulae.[29] Along with Hippolyta, Otrera, Antiope and Penthesilea, it attests the following names: Ocyale, Dioxippe, Iphinome, Xanthe, Hippothoe, Laomache, Glauce, Agave, Theseis, Clymene, Polydora.

Yet another different set of names is found in Valerius FlaccusArgonautica:[30] he mentions Euryale, Harpe, Lyce, Menippe and Thoe. Of these Lyce also appears in a fragment preserved in the Latin Anthology where she is said to have killed the hero Clonus of Moesia, son of Doryclus, with her javelin.[31]

John Tzetzes in Posthomerica[32] enumerates the Amazons that fell at Troy: Hippothoe, Antianeira, Toxophone, Toxoanassa, Gortyessa, Iodoce, Pharetre, Andro, Ioxeia, Oïstrophe, Androdaïxa, Aspidocharme, Enchesimargos, Cnemis, Thorece, Chalcaor, Eurylophe, Hecate, Anchimache, Andromache the queen. Concerning Antianeira and Andromache, see below; for almost all the other names on the list, this is a unique attestation.

Stephanus of Byzantium provides an alternate list of the Amazons that fell against Heracles, describing them as “the most prominent” of their people: Tralla, Isocrateia, Thiba, Palla, Coea (Koia), Coenia (Koinia).[33] Eustathius gives the same list minus the last two names.[34] Both Stephanus and Eustathius write of these Amazons in connection with the placename Thibais, which they report to have been derived from Thiba’s name.

Other names of Amazons from various sources include:

  • Aegea, queen of the Amazons who was thought by some to have been the eponym of the Aegean Sea.[35]
  • Ainia, presumably accompanied Penthesilea to the Trojan War, killed by Achilles; known only from an Attic terracotta relief fragment.[36]
  • Ainippe, an Amazon who confronted Telamon in the battle against Heracles’ troops[37]
  • Alce, who was said to have killed the young Oebalus of Arcadia, son of Ida (otherwise unknown), with her spear during the Parthian War.[31]
  • Amastris, who was believed to be the eponym of the city previously known as Kromna,[38] although the city was also thought to have been named after the historical Amastris[39]
  • Anaea, an Amazon whose tomb was shown at the island of Samos[40]
  • Andromache, an Amazon who fought Heracles and was defeated; only known from vase paintings.[37][41] Not to be confused with Andromache, wife of Hector.
  • Antianeira, succeeded Penthesilea as Queen of the Amazons. She was best known for ordering her male servants to be crippled “as the lame best perform the acts of love”.[42]
  • Areto and Iphito, two little-known Amazons, whose names are only attested in inscriptions on artefacts.[43]
  • Clete, one of the twelve followers of Penthesilea. After Penthesilea’s death she, in accord with the former’s will, sailed off and eventually landed in Italy, founding the city of Clete.[44]
  • Cyme, who gave her name to the city of Cyme (Aeolis)[45][46]
  • Cynna (?), one of the two possible eponyms (the other one being “Cynnus, brother of Coeus“) of Cynna, a small town not far from Heraclea.[47]
  • Ephesos, a Lydian Amazon, after whom the city of Ephesus was thought to have been named; she was also said to have been the first to honor Artemis and to have surnamed the goddess Ephesia.[48] Her daughter Amazo was thought of as the eponym of the Amazons.[49]
  • Eurypyle, queen of the Amazons who was reported to have led an expedition against Ninus and Babylon around 1760 BC[50][51][52]
  • Gryne, an Amazon who was thought to be the eponym of the Gryneian grove in Asia Minor. She was loved by Apollo and consorted with him in said grove.[53][54]
  • Helene, daughter of Tityrus. She fought Achilles and died after he seriously wounded her.[55]
  • Hippo, an Amazon who took part in the introduction of religious rites in honor of the goddess Artemis. She was punished by the goddess for not having performed a ritual dance.[56]
  • Lampedo, queen of the Amazons, co-ruler with Marpesia[57][58]
  • Latoreia, who had a small village near Ephesus named after her.[59]
  • Lysippe, mother of Tanais by Berossos. Her son only venerated Ares and was fully devoted to war, neglecting love and marriage. Aphrodite cursed him with falling in love with his own mother. Preferring to die rather than give up his chastity, he threw himself into the river Amazonius, which was subsequently renamed Tanais.[60]
  • Marpesia, queen of the Amazons, co-ruler with Lampedo[57][58]
  • Melanippe, sister of Hippolyta. Heracles captured her and demanded Hippolyta’s girdle in exchange for her freedom. Hippolyta complied and Heracles let her go. According to some,[61] however, she was killed by Telamon.
  • Molpadia, an Amazon who killed Antiope.[62]
  • Myrleia, possible eponym of a city in Bithynia, which was later known as Apamea.[63]
  • Myrto, in one source, mother of Myrtilus by Hermes[64] (elsewhere his mother is called Theobule).[65]
  • Mytilene, Myrina’s sister and one of the possible eponyms for the city of Mytilene[46]
  • Orithyia, daughter and successor of Marpesia, famous for her conquests[57][58]
  • Otrera, consort of Ares and mother of Hippolyta and Penthesilea.
  • Pantariste, who killed Timiades in the battle between the Amazons and Heracles’ troops.[37]
  • Pitane and Priene, two commanders in Myrina’s army, after whom the cities of Pitane (Aeolis) and Priene were named.[46]
  • Sanape, who fled to Pontus and married a local king. She habitually drank a lot of wine and was said to have received her name from that circumstance, as “Sanape” was purported to mean “drunkard” in the local language.[66]
  • Sinope, successor of Lampedo and Marpesia.[58]
  • Sisyrbe, after whom a part of Ephesus was called Sisyrba, and its inhabitants the Sisyrbitae.[67][68]
  • Smyrna, who obtained possession of Ephesus and gave her name to a quarter in this city, as well as to the city of Smyrna[69][70][71]
  • Themiscyra, the eponym of the Amazon capital.[72][73]

Hero cults

According to ancient sources, (Plutarch Theseus,[74] Pausanias), Amazon tombs could be found frequently throughout what was once known as the ancient Greek world. Some are found in Megara, Athens, Chaeronea, Chalcis, Thessaly at Skotousa, in Cynoscephalae and statues of Amazons are all over Greece. At both Chalcis and Athens Plutarch tells us that there was an Amazoneum or shrine of Amazons that implied the presence of both tombs and cult. On the day before the Thesea at Athens there were annual sacrifices to the Amazons. In historical times Greek maidens of Ephesus performed an annual circular dance with weapons and shields that had been established by Hippolyta and her Amazons. They had initially set up wooden statues of Artemis, a bretas, (Pausanias, (fl.c.160): Description of Greece, Book I: Attica).[75

In art

In works of art, battles between Amazons and Greeks are placed on the same level as and often associated with battles of Greeks and centaurs. The belief in their existence, however, having been once accepted and introduced into the national poetry and art, it became necessary to surround them as far as possible with the appearance of natural beings.

Their occupation was hunting and war; their arms the bow, spear, axe, a half shield, nearly in the shape of a crescent, called pelta, and in early art a helmet, the model before the Greek mind having apparently been the goddess Athena. In later art they approach the model of Artemis, wearing a thin dress, girt high for speed; while on the later painted vases their dress is often peculiarly Persian – that is, close-fitting trousers and a high cap called the kidaris. They were usually on horseback but sometimes on foot. They can also be identified in vase paintings by the fact that they are wearing one earring.

The battle between Theseus and the Amazons (Amazonomachy) is a favourite subject on the friezes of temples (e.g. the reliefs from the frieze of the temple of Apollo at Bassae, now in the British Museum), vases and sarcophagus reliefs; at Athens it was represented on the shield of the statue of Athena Parthenos, on wall-paintings in the Theseum and in the Stoa Poikile. There were also three standard Amazon statue types.

In historiography

Herodotus reported that the Sarmatians were descendants of Amazons and Scythians, and that their wives observed their ancient maternal customs, "frequently hunting on horseback with their husbands; in war taking the field; and wearing the very same dress as the men". Moreover, said Herodotus, "No girl shall wed till she has killed a man in battle".

In the story related by Herodotus, a group of Amazons was blown across the Maeotian Lake (the Sea of Azov) into Scythia near the cliff region (today's southeastern Crimea). After learning the Scythian language, they agreed to marry Scythian men, on the condition that they not be required to follow the customs of Scythian women. According to Herodotus, this band moved toward the northeast, settling beyond the Tanais (Don) river, and became the ancestors of the Sauromatians. According to Herodotus, the Sarmatians fought with the Scythians against Darius the Great in the 5th century BC.

Hippocrates describes them as: "They have no right breasts...for while they are yet babies their mothers make red-hot a bronze instrument constructed for this very purpose and apply it to the right breast and cauterize it, so that its growth is arrested, and all its strength and bulk are diverted to the right shoulder and right arm."

Amazons came to play a role in Roman historiography. Caesar reminded the Senate of the conquest of large parts of Asia by Semiramis and the Amazons. Successful Amazon raids against Lycia and Cilicia contrasted with effective resistance by Lydian cavalry against the invaders (Strabo 5.504; Nicholas Damascenus). Gnaeus Pompeius Trogus pays particularly detailed attention to the Amazons.

The story of the Amazons as deriving from a Cappadocian colony of two Scythian princes Ylinos and Scolopetos is due to him. Philostratus places the Amazons in the Taurus Mountains. Ammianus places them east of Tanais, as neighbouring the Alans. Procopius places them in the Caucasus. Diodorus Siculus (Bibliotheca historica chapter 49) derived the Amazons from Atlantis and located them in western Libya. He also relates the story of Hercules defeating the Amazons at Themiscyre.

Although Strabo shows scepticism as to their historicity, the Amazons in general continue to be taken as historical throughout Late Antiquity. Several Church Fathers speak of the Amazons as of a real people. Solinus embraces the account of Plinius. Under Aurelianus, captured Gothic women were identified as Amazons (Claudianus). The account of Justinus was influential, and was used as a source by Orosius who continued to be read during the European Middle Ages. Medieval authors thus continue the tradition of locating the Amazons in the North, Adam of Bremen placing them at the Baltic Sea and Paulus Diaconus in the heart of Germania.[76]

Medieval and Renaissance literature

Amazons continued to be discussed by authors of the European Renaissance, and with the Age of Exploration, they were located in ever more remote areas. In 1542, Francisco de Orellana reached the Amazon River (Amazonas in Spanish), naming it after a tribe of warlike women he claimed having encountered and fought there. Afterwards the whole basin and region of the Amazon (Amazonía in Spanish) were named after the river. Amazons also figure in the accounts of both Christopher Columbus and Walter Raleigh.[78] Famous medieval traveller John Mandeville mentions them in his book:

“Beside the land of Chaldea is the land of Amazonia, that is the land of Feminye. And in that real is all woman and no man; not as some may say, that men may not live there, but for because that the women will not suffer no men amongst them to be their sovereigns.”

Medieval and Renaissance authors credit the Amazons with the invention of the battle-axe. This is probably related to the Sagaris, an axe-like weapon associated with both Amazons and Scythian tribes by Greek authors (see also Thracian tomb of Aleksandrovo kurgan). Paulus Hector Mair expresses astonishment that such a “manly weapon” should have been invented by a “tribe of women”, but he accepts the attribution out of respect for his authority, Johannes Aventinus.

Ariosto‘s Orlando Furioso contains a country of warrior women, ruled by Queen Orontea; the epic describes an origin much like that in Greek myth, in that the women, abandoned by a band of warriors and unfaithful lovers, rallied together to form a nation from which men were severely reduced, to prevent them from regaining power. The Amazons and Queen Hippolyta are also referenced in Geoffrey Chaucer‘s Canterbury Tales in “The Knight’s Tale“.

Historical background

Classicist Peter Walcot wrote, “Wherever the Amazons are located by the Greeks, whether it is somewhere along the Black Sea in the distant north-east, or in Libya in the furthest south, it is always beyond the confines of the civilized world. The Amazons exist outside the range of normal human experience.”

Nevertheless, there are various proposals for a historical nucleus of the Amazons of Greek historiography, the most obvious candidates being historical Scythia and Sarmatia in line with the account by Herodotus, but some authors prefer a comparison to cultures of Asia Minor or even Minoan Crete.


Scythians and Sarmatians

Speculation that the idea of Amazons contains a core of reality is based on archaeological findings from burials, pointing to the possibility that some Sarmatian women may have participated in battle. These findings have led scholars to suggest that the Amazonian legend in Greek mythology may have been “inspired by real warrior women”.[81]

Evidence of high-ranking warrior women comes from kurgans in southern Ukraine and Russia. David Anthony notes, “About 20% of Scythian-Sarmatian “warrior graves” on the lower Don and lower Volga contained women dressed for battle similar to how men dress, a phenomenon that probably inspired the Greek tales about the Amazons.”

p to 25% of military burials were of armed Sarmatian women usually including bows.Russian archaeologist Vera Kovalevskaya points out that when Scythian men were away fighting or hunting, nomadic women would have to be able to defend themselves, their animals and pasture-grounds competently.

During the time that the Scythians advanced into Asia and achieved near-hegemony in the Near-East, there was a period of twenty-eight years when the men would have been away on campaigns for long periods. During this time the women would not only have had to defend themselves, but to reproduce and this could well be the origin of the idea that Amazons mated once a year with their neighbours, if Herodotus actually based his accounts on fact.[83]

Before modern archaeology uncovered some of the Scythian burials of warrior-maidens entombed under kurgans in the region of Altai Mountains and Sarmatia,[84] [85] giving concrete form at last to the Greek tales, the origin of the Amazon story had been the subject of speculation among classics scholars. In the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica speculation ranged along the following lines:

“While some regard the Amazons as a purely mythical people, others assume an historical foundation for them. The deities worshipped by them were Ares (who is consistently assigned to them as a god of war, and as a god of Thracian and generally northern origin) and Artemis, not the usual Greek goddess of that name, but an Asiatic deity in some respects her equivalent.
It is conjectured that the Amazons were originally the temple-servants and priestesses (hierodulae) of this goddess; and that the removal of the breast corresponded with the self-mutilation of the god Attis and the galli, Roman priests of Rhea Cybele.
Another theory is that, as the knowledge of geography extended, travellers brought back reports of tribes ruled entirely by women, who carried out the duties which elsewhere were regarded as peculiar to man, in whom alone the rights of nobility and inheritance were vested, and who had the supreme control of affairs.
Hence arose the belief in the Amazons as a nation of female warriors, organized and governed entirely by women. According to J. Viirtheim (De Ajacis origine, 1907), the Amazons were of Greek origin [...] It has been suggested that the fact of the conquest of the Amazons being assigned to the two famous heroes of Greek mythology, Heracles and Theseus [...] shows that they were mythical illustrations of the dangers which beset the Greeks on the coasts of Asia Minor; rather perhaps, it may be intended to represent the conflict between the Greek culture of the colonies on the Euxine and the barbarism of the native inhabitants.”